New Year is a celebration that marks the beginning of a new calendar year and is observed all over the world. It is a time to reflect on the past year, set new goals, and renew commitments for the upcoming year. People celebrate New Year with various festivities, such as parties, fireworks, and special events.

Nepali New Year is an important celebration for the Nepali people, also known as “Nepal Sambat.” It is observed on the first day of the Nepali month of Baishakh, which typically falls in mid-April. In the Gregorian calendar, Nepali New Year 2080 falls on 2023.

Nepali New Year is a time for joyous celebrations and festivities, which are rooted in the country’s rich cultural and traditional heritage. Nepali people around the world mark this special occasion by engaging in various activities, such as feasting, music, dance, and religious rituals.

The year 2080 in the Nepali calendar is particularly significant because it marks the beginning of a new century (21st century) in the Nepal Sambat system. This system is a unique calendar system that is based on lunar cycles, and it has been in use in Nepal for over a millennium. During the Nepali New Year, people reflect on the past year, make resolutions for the future, and renew their commitments to their families, communities, and traditions. It is a time to honor and celebrate Nepali identity, culture, and values.

Table of Contents

Nepali New Year 2080/ Judshital/ Mata Tirtha Aunshi/Id Festival/ Lord Buddha’s Birth Anniversary/ Nag Pachmi/ Bhoto Jatra

New Year

It is known as “Navavarsha” in Nepal. Nepal has its official calendar that begins on the first day of the first month of Baisakh. This very first day is observed as Nepali New Year which usually falls in the second week of April. People go for picnics, have get-togethers, and celebrate the day socializing in various ways as this day is also a national holiday.

Judshital (Maithili New Year)

Nepali people regard Baishakh 1 the New Year whereas in Maithali culture, Judshital falls on the 2nd of Baishakh, and the New Year is supposed to have started on the same day. Collective feasting and cultural programs are organized on the occasion. The festival is celebrated with full enthusiasm like Holi by throwing red powder, color, and mud to each other in the neighborhood. On the festival day, the elderly guardians get up early in the morning, take a bath, and complete their daily activities, holding pure cool water in the right-hand palm from water full of a small metal pot and spraying it on others with blessings and thus, this festival is supposed to be named Judshital.

Mata Tirtha Aunshi

Mata Tirtha Aunshi falls in the month of Baishak (April). This festival falls in the time of the dark moon’s time; so it’s called Mata Tirtha Aunshi. Mata means mother and Tirtha means pilgrimage, so in this way, it’s called Mata Tirtha Aunshi. This festival is observed in the commemoration and respect of the mother. So it’s Mother’s reading day as well. All Devotees worship their living mother at their home and the person whose mother has passed away goes to the Mata Tirtha place which is in Kathmandu. A very grand spectacular religious fair takes place at Mata Tirth pilgrimage on this day. Thousands of devotees flock there to worship and to take a holy bath in the pious Mata Tirtha pond in the high reverence of their deceased mothers. After the holy bath and worship, they donate some subsidiary items with money to the barman priests staying.

Nepali New Year 2080/Id Festival

Ramadan is the month in the Islamic calendar when people fast to commemorate the Prophet Muhammad PBUH (peace be upon him) receiving the revelations in the Quran. Eid al-Fitr is usually two to three days of celebrations at the end of Ramadan. During Ramadan, people fast during the day and can only eat after sunset usually with their family. This can make balancing work and life is challenging.

Baisakh Poornima (Lord Buddha’s Birth Anniversary)

As Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the Light of Asia, the triple anniversary of the Buddha’s birthday is celebrated on this day every year during May in Nepal. On this day people swarm in Swayambhunath, Kike Swayambhunath, and Boudhanath to pay homage to Lord Buddha and also visit Buddha’s birthplace in Lumbini and chant prayers and burn butter lamps. Lord Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha Gautam but he abandoned his luxurious life when he realized the misery of mankind and went in search of enlightenment.

Red Machchhendranath Rath Jatra (Bhoto Jatra)

The bhoto jatra of Rato Machhendranath falls in Jestha (May/June), the God of rain and good harvest, is displayed every year. Various legends prevail around this festival. The chariot of Machhendranath is towed to various places of Patan from Pulchowk. One of the legends about the festival is that Machhendra Nath was brought from Kamrup Kamakshya during the regime of King Gunakamdev, the country witnessed drought resulting in 12 years of famine. Rato Macchendranath Jatra is one of the longest festivals celebrated in the ancient city of Patan. The grand finale of the festival is called the ‘Bhoto Dekhaune’ or the “showing of a vest”. A similar kind of chariot festival to Machchhendranath (white) is also held in Kathmandu city in May/June.

Nag Pachmi

Hindu Nag Panchami festival in August (Shawan). On this day, Nepali traditionally post pictures of Nags above the doors of their homes to keep off evil spirits. They worship the nag by offering a symbol of milk (the white color liquid from the paste of rice). People keep milk for snakes near snake holes.

People make the cotton garland, use cow dung and rice flour’s serpent’s from and worship it with cow’s milk, lava, barley, sesame, nuts, and with some other religious items. It is believed that if Nag-Panchami is observed properly every year the Nags provide us good health wealth and blessing during our life. If Nags are angry they make us sick and no medicine can heal.

Some norms and values believe that the earth is lifted by Shesh Nag on his head. Lord Vishnu is sleeping on its coil inside the Ocean. Kali Nag, Bashuki Nag, Astha Nag, Padma Nag, and the Karkot Nags are the very powerful Nags. Scripture explains that without Nags’ help there will be no rain. So people worship Nags for the cause of water, offer prayers to Nags, and place food items such as milk and honey in their fields for Nags. Few men wearing demon masks dance in the streets as a part of a Nag Panchami ritual.

Overall, the Nepali New Year is an important occasion for Nepali people worldwide, and it serves as a reminder of their rich heritage, deep-rooted traditions, and cultural diversity.

Things to do in the New Year

Attend cultural programs showcasing Nepal’s rich cultural heritage.
Visit temples and monasteries to offer prayers and seek blessings for the upcoming year.
Try local dishes such as momos, sel roti, and curries from restaurants and street vendors offering special New Year menus.
Participate in colorful processions featuring people in traditional attire carrying idols, singing, and dancing.
Celebrate with friends and family by exchanging gifts, enjoying festive meals, and gathering together.
Go trekking on popular routes like Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Circuit, and Langtang Valley.
Take advantage of New Year discounts to shop for handicrafts, handmade singing bowls, textiles, hemp backpacks and other souvenirs.
Play traditional Nepalese games with friends and family.
Explore landmarks, museums, and historical sites in cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara.
Volunteer with organizations working on community projects such as building homes, teaching English, and working with children.

Some unique ways to paraphrase the previous response about destinations to explore near Kathmandu during the New Year:

Immerse yourself in the historic and traditional culture of Bhaktapur, a well-preserved city located just 13 kilometers east of Kathmandu. During the New Year, visit Durbar Square, temples, and museums, and experience traditional celebrations.

Take in the breathtaking panoramic views of the Himalayan mountains, including Mount Everest, from the tranquil village of Nagarkot, about 32 kilometers east of Kathmandu. During the New Year, hike or drive to Nagarkot and enjoy the serene atmosphere.

Explore the rare and endangered wildlife species of Chitwan National Park, located approximately 150 kilometers south of Kathmandu. During the New Year, take a wildlife safari, visit a traditional Tharu village, and enjoy cultural performances.

Get in touch with nature in Shivapuri National Park, a protected area just 12 kilometers north of Kathmandu. During the New Year, hike the scenic trails, visit the Shivapuri Baba Ashram, and enjoy the peaceful surroundings.

Nepali New Year 2080/Offer for Foreigner in New Year 2080!

Nepal is the best destination for travelers, explorers, and trekkers. Our organization Robinson Crusoe Holidays plans to offer the best package for trekkers and visitors who are planning to visit Nepal.

Festival celebrated in Nepal on 2080

Janai Purnima/Rakshya Bandhan/Gai Jatra 2080/Krishana Ashtami/Janmashtami/Kushe Aushi

Janai Purnima, Rakshya Bandhan, and Gai Jatra, Krishna Ashtami/Janmashtami/Kushe Aushi lie on the same day in 2080 i.e. on Bhadra 14, 2080, or August 31, 2023……. They hold immense significance in Nepal, representing a trio of prominent festivals, each cherished for its distinct cultural and religious value.

Janai Purnima 2080:

Janai Purnima, also called the “Threaded Moon,” graces the hearts of Nepalese Hindus during the radiant full moon of Shrawan. This sacred occasion witnesses a renewal of spiritual armor, as devout men, particularly from Brahmin and Chhetri communities, replace their Janai, the symbol of purity and protection.

Meanwhile, others tie holy threads around their wrists, seeking divine blessings and safeguarding.

Rakshya Bandhan 2080:

In the heartwarming embrace of Rakshya Bandhan, Nepal’s Hindu households exude affectionate brilliance. On this cherished day, brothers and sisters unite to celebrate the “Bond of Protection.”

Sisters lovingly adorn their brothers’ wrists with vibrant rakhis, tokens of love and care, while brothers pledge their unwavering commitment to shield and cherish their sisters. Gifts and promises bloom, fostering eternal kinship and devotion.

Nepali New Year 2080/Gai Jatra:

Amidst the vibrant streets of the Kathmandu Valley, Gai Jatra, or the “Festival of Cows,” bursts forth with jubilation and poignant meaning. With heartfelt exuberance, bereaved families don a spirit of acceptance and remembrance, joining a captivating procession.

As cows or merry participants garbed as such, symbolize the passage to heavenly realms, laughter and satire fill the air, infusing solace and encouraging the freedom to address societal issues with humor’s healing touch.

Krishna Ashtami/Janmashtami

Janmashtami, the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm in Nepal and India. According to the Hindu calendar, this religious festival is celebrated on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha or the 8th day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadra (July/August).

Sri Krishna is considered one of the most powerful human incarnations of Lord Vishnu. He was born around 5,200 years ago in Mathura. The sole objective of Sri Krishna’s birth was to free the Earth from the evilness of demons. He played an important role in Mahabharata and propagated the theory of bhakti and good karma which are narrated deeply in the Bhagwat Geeta.

Sri Krishna was born in a prison in the custody of Kansa. Vasudev, His father immediately thought of his friend Nand and decided to hand over his child to him to save Krishna from the clutch of Kansa. Krishna grew up in Gokul and finally killed his maternal uncle, King Kansa.

The actual celebration of Janmashtami takes place at midnight as Sri Krishna is believed to be born on a dark, stormy, and windy night to end the rule and violence of his maternal uncle, Kansa. All over Nepal and India, this day is celebrated with devotional songs and dances, pujas, arti, blowing of the Conch, and rocking the cradle of baby Sri Krishna. On this day temples and homes are wonderfully decorated and illuminated. Night-long prayers are offered and religious mantras are sung in the temples.

Nepali New Year 2080/Kushe Aushi

Hindus celebrate this festival at the end of August or September (Bhadra). The Hindu Mythology says that there are four things in which Lord Bishnu stays and those are the Saligram stone, the Tulsi plant tree, the Pipal Tree, and the Kush grass. On Kushe Aushi day the priest gives everyone the Kush grass so that the lord Bishnu stays in all the houses.

Nepalese tradition and culture hold a lot of respect for a father. He is considered the pillar of strength, high opinion, and support of a family. The most auspicious day to honor one’s father is Gokarna Aunsi. This is a special day set apart for the veneration of one’s father. On this auspicious day, sons, as well as daughters, go home to meet and spend quality time with their fathers. Home-cooked delicacies, sweets, meat, and other gifts are offered to all fathers.

Teej 2080/Indra Jatra/Jitiya Parva

Teej of 2080 lies on the date Ashoj 1 i.e. September 18, 2023. It is a dynamic Hindu festival that holds immense cultural significance in India and Nepal, mainly cherished by women. It presents a vibrant amalgamation of colors, customs, and sentiments.

The festival’s charm lies in how women enthusiastically participate, donning splendid traditional clothing and embellishing their hands with intricate henna designs, symbolizing beauty and prosperity.

One of Teej’s captivating highlights is the joyous swinging on elaborately adorned jhulas (swings), symbolizing the playful and romantic love shared by Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, reaffirming the sanctity of marriage and companionship.

Married women diligently observe strict fasts during Teej, abstaining from food and water while fervently praying for their husbands ‘ well-being and longevity. It’s a profound expression of devotion and commitment to their marital bonds.

Unmarried women, on the other hand, fast with the hope of finding a compatible life partner, reflecting their aspirations and dreams for a joyous married life.

Beyond its religious significance, Teej fosters unity and camaraderie among women. Communities come together to sing traditional Teej songs and perform lively folk dances, celebrating womanhood and the strength of their sisterhood.

Teej is not just a festival; it’s a touching celebration of love, passion, and devotion. It underscores the values of commitment, respect, and understanding in the context of marriage and relationships. This exceptional festival not only connects people with their cultural heritage but also serves as a beautiful reminder of the eternal bond between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

Nepali New Year 2080/Indra Jatra

Indra Jatra was started by King Gunakamadeva to commemorate the founding of Kathmandu city in the 10th century. Kumari Jatra began in the mid-18th century. The celebrations are held according to the lunar calendar, so the dates are changeable normally this festival lies in September/Ashoj.  The festival of Indra, the God of rain, is observed with great enthusiasm in Kathmandu Valley. The festival lasts for eight days. The chariot of Kumari, the Living Goddess, is taken out in procession through the main streets of Kathmandu. The festival is especially noted for the echoes of drums and dancing feet of the masked dancers almost every evening.

According to legend, Indra (Hindu god-king of heaven), disguised as a farmer, descended to earth in search of parijat (Night jasmine), a white flower his mother Basundhara needed to perform a ritual. As he was plucking the flowers at Maruhiti, without permission from the gardener, the people caught and bound him like a common thief. He was then put on display in the town square of Maru in Kathmandu.

His mother, worried about his extended absence, Elephant was looking for his lord to return but he couldn’t find his Master, elephant angrily broke his restraints and crashed around the Kathmandu valley. At last, his mother Basundhara came to Kathmandu and wandered around looking for him. His mother promised to provide enough dew throughout the winter to ensure a rich crop. It is said that Kathmandu starts to experience foggy mornings from this festival onwards because of this boon.

Nepali New Year 2080/Jitiya Parva

Jitiya is an important festival for Nepali married women of Mithilanchal and Tharu women of all castes. Jitiya vrata is performed for the well-being and long life of her sons. It is performed on Aswin Krishna Ashtami usually during Pradosh time.

Nepali women observe Nirjala fast (without water) on this day and break the fast the next day at the end of Ashtami. Sometimes, when Ashtami begins in the afternoon, women may have to fast for two days. Since nothing, even a drop of water is put in the mouth, the fast is also called Khar Jitia.

Children who escaped severe accidents are believed to have the blessings of their mother having performed this brat. It is a trend or tradition to eat fish and chapatti (roti, bread) made of millet (Marua) the previous day. On the night before the fast, they take a meal just before the beginning of Ashtami. This is peculiar to this fasting only. Often children are awoken and fed the preparations. This is known as Ongthan.

Dashain 2080

Dashain of 2080 starts on the 28th of Ashoj (Ghatasthapana) i.e. 15th of October and ends on the 11th of Kartik(Purnima) i.e., the 28th of October. Vijaya Dashami; Dashain is a significant Hindu festival widely observed in Nepal, some regions of India, and other countries with Hindu communities. It is a highly anticipated event, lasting for fifteen days.

Dashain is dedicated to worshipping Goddess Durga, representing divine feminine power, and symbolizing the victory of good over evil, as she defeats the demon Mahisasura. The name “Dashain” comes from “Dash,” meaning ten, referring to the ten-day duration of the festival.

The celebration starts with Ghatasthapana, where a sacred vessel filled with water and barley seeds is ritually established. Throughout the ten days, people visit temples, offer prayers, and make animal sacrifices like goats, ducks, or chickens to seek blessings from the goddess.

On the eighth day, “Maha Ashtami,” special rituals are performed to invoke the presence of the goddess into a little girl known as the “Kumari,” who is revered as a living goddess during Dashain, cherished by both Hindus and Buddhists.

The ninth day, “Maha Navami,” and the tenth day, “Vijaya Dashami,” are pivotal moments when elders give Tika and Jamara to bless prosperity and protection. Tika is a mix of rice, yogurt, and vermilion applied on the forehead, while Jamara consists of barley sprouts, considered auspicious.

Dashain brings families together for reunions, feasts, and joyful gatherings. People wear new clothes, fly kites, play traditional games, and exchange gifts, fostering cultural identity and community spirit.

This festival holds both religious and cultural significance, uniting people from various backgrounds in the spirit of happiness and togetherness. Dashain not only honors traditions but also inspires hope and optimism for the year ahead, filled with blessings and good wishes.

Tihar 2080

Tihar(Dipawali) of 2080 starts on the 25th of Kartik (Kag Tihar) i.e. 11th of November and ends on the 29th of Kartik(Bhai Tika) i.e., the 15th of November. Tihar, also referred to as Deepawali or the Festival of Lights, is a significant Hindu celebration primarily observed in Nepal and certain regions of India. This vibrant festival spans five days, filled with colorful decorations, oil lamps (diyas), candles, and various cultural rituals.

Tihar centers around showing reverence to animals and natural elements, symbolizing prosperity, joy, and well-being. Through this festival, people express gratitude to the creatures that coexist with humans and contribute to their lives in various ways.

The first day, known as “Kaag Tihar” or “Crow Puja,” involves worshiping crows and offering them food as a gesture of respect.

On the second day, “Kukur Tihar” or “Dog Puja,” dogs, revered for their loyalty and faithfulness, are adorned with flower garlands, and vermilion, and treated with delicious treats.

The third day, “Laxmi Puja,” holds paramount importance, dedicated to worshiping Goddess Laxmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. Homes and workplaces are beautifully decorated with vibrant rangoli patterns and illuminated with oil lamps to welcome the goddess.

The fourth day, “Goru Tihar” or “Cow Puja,” involves worshiping cows, symbolizing abundance and fertility, by applying tika on their foreheads and adorning them with garlands.

The final day, “Bhai Tika,” strengthens the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters perform special rituals, offering tika, garlands, and heartfelt prayers for their brothers’ well-being and success.

Tihar is not only a time for religious devotion but also a celebration of community spirit and love. Traditional dances, folk songs, and lively processions add to the festive atmosphere.

Tihar radiates warmth, light, and joy, fostering a sense of togetherness and happiness among families and communities.

More information about the Tihar/Dipawali Festival

Nepali New Year 2080/First day/Kag Tihar (Crow Puja):

On the first day of Tihar, crows are worshiped and fed early in the morning. People leave different food items outside for crows to eat. Crow is considered to be the messenger of death. People believe the crow gets the messages to the house in the morning. People worship it to bring good luck themselves.

Nepali New Year 2080/Second day/Kukur Tihar:

The second day of Tihar is dedicated to the most loyal friend of mankind. Kukur, the dog, Puja is done by putting a red tika on the dog’s forehead and a flower garland around the neck offering him food and Sel roti. Generally, male dogs are worshiped. It is said dogs can see endangers and death coming.

Nepali New Year 2080/Third day/Gai (cow) Puja and Laxmi Puja:

On the third day of Tihar Cows are worshipped in the morning. Cows are worshipped with sesame oil light, a garland of flowers, and a red color (abir). Wheat flour, Sel roti, rice, and dal are fed to cows.  Disciples try to pass in between the four legs of the cow. A cow is regarded as the mother in the Hindu religion, as we grow up drinking her milk. Some look at cows as Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity.

In the afternoon we clean our houses and paint floors with Red Mud (Rato Mato) and cow dung (gobar). Small circles are made in front of the main gate and decorated with colorful designs. Some people call it rangoli. Small designs of footsteps are painted from the main entrance to the puja Kotha. These footsteps are believed to be the footsteps of goddess Lakshmi. Candles or pala are lit all over the house making it bright and beautiful.

There is a long tradition of going to the house in the evening and singing songs to ask for money and food. Generally, girls and kids go out to neighbors to sing traditional songs called Bhailo songs. The tradition is called “Bhailo” and songs are called Bhailini songs.

Nepali New Year 2080/Fourth day/Goru Tihar (Govardhan puja) and Mah (Aatma) Puja:

On Govardhan puja, Goru Tihar, three different Kinds of puja are performed. We perform Goru Puja or worship Oxen. We also perform Govardhan Puja, which is done by making a hill of Govardhan Parbat using Cow dung. Cow dung has a big importance in Hindu culture. In the old days, it was used for everything from light at night (Methane) to the polished mud floors of traditional houses. Still, no Puja is complete without cow dung in Nepali Hindu culture.

Nepali New Year 2080/Fifth Day: Bhai Tika:

The fifth and last day of Tihar is Bhai Tika. These days sisters put “Tika of five colors” Paanch Rangi Tika – Yellow, green, red, blue, and white on the forehead of their brothers, to ensure long life and pray to Yamraja for her brother’s long life and prosperity. Sister offers brothers Shaguns of dry fruits especially walnut, hazelnuts (Katus), fruits, and sweets, and in return, the brothers give their sisters gifts and money. The brothers also put Pancha Rangi Tika to her sister bow her on her feet and assure her to protect her till the end of life.

On this day, Rani Pokhari Temple (located in central Kathmandu) is open for those who do not have any brothers or sisters. This is the only time in a year the temple is open to the general public.

Chhat Parva 2080/Guru Falgunanda Jayanti/Guru Nanak Jayanti/Constitution Day/Bala Chaturdashi/Bibaha Panchami/Udauli Parva/Tamu Losar/Christmas Day/Prithvi Jayanti/Sonam Losar/Maghe Shakranti/Shree Panchami/Basanta Panchami/National Democracy Day

Chhat Parva 2080

Chhat Parva of 2080 lies on date Mangsir 3 i.e. November 19, 2023. It is also known as Chhath Puja, a revered Hindu festival celebrated with zeal in different parts of Nepal. Devotees honor the Sun God and Chhati Maiya over four days, performing rituals and fasting. They offer prayers and arghya (oblations) to the setting and rising sun.

Chhath Puja promotes environmental consciousness and cultural bonding, reflecting rich traditions and deep faith.

Guru Falgunanda Jayanti

Guru Falgunanda Jayanti or Phalgunanda Lingden was born in 1885 AD Kartik 25 (November 10). Guru Falgunand, who was born in Ilam, Eastern Nepal, is believed to have had wonderful and miraculous qualities. He was a leader of the Kirat religion in Nepal. It takes a long time for the arrival of great Gurus into this earth. It believes that only one Guru is born at a time. Such great personalities, based on their knowledge, experience, and skills, have been guiding society toward a positive path and showing the way to salvation for ages. And today we are going to reveal the facts and histories of the birth anniversary of such a man.

Guru Falgunanda has played an invaluable role in bringing the highly decent and nature-loving Kirant community.  Living in the hilly districts into the mainstream of development, deepening them socially, economically, and culturally, and influencing education. Similarly, Guru Falgunand has a huge contribution to bringing the Kirant community out of the orthodox tradition. This is the reason after hundreds of years, the work and fame of Guru Falgunand are being praised in the Kirant community.

He is known as a great teacher, especially among the Limbu, Rai, Sunuwar, Yakhkha, Lohorung, Dhimal, and Jurel Kirat people. He is credited with the continuation of the ancient Kirat religion on Puritan principles. Which include vegetarianism, a ban on alcohol, and following Limbu traditions and scripts.  He is remembered for his socio-cultural and religious messages. His main message includes calling for a ban on animal sacrifice. Since that taboo raises social expenditures on celebrations such as births, weddings, and funerals. He also called for the elimination of social orthodoxies. And supports running a school for children, especially through their mother tongue.

Nepali New Year 2080/Guru Nanak Jayanti

Guru Nanak Jayanti, also known as Gurpurab, is the most important festival for the followers of the religion of Sikhism. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak Dev. The festival is celebrated on the day of Kartik Poornima, which is the fifteenth lunar day in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar, and usually falls in November by the Gregorian calendar.

Guru Nanak was born on April 15, 1469, at Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi, near Lahore, which is in the Sekhpura district of modern-day Pakistan. A Gurudwara was built at his birthplace in the city now known as Nankana Sahib. It is located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Guru Nanak is regarded as a spiritual teacher who founded Sikhism in the 15th century. He started writing the Guru Granth Sahib and completed 974 hymns.

The main verses from the Guru Granth Sahib elaborate that the creator of the universe was one. His verses also preach selfless service to humanity, prosperity, and social justice for all, irrespective of differences. The role of a Guru as a spiritual and social master forms the basis of the Sikh religion.

Nepali New Year 2080/Constitution Day

Nepal is governed according to the Constitution of Nepal, which came into effect on Sept 20, 2015 (2072, Asoj 3), replacing the Interim Constitution of 2007 (2063 BS). The Constitution was drafted by the Second Constituent Assembly following the failure of the First Constituent Assembly to produce a constitution in its mandated period. The constitution was endorsed by 90% of the total lawmakers. Out of 598 CA members, 507 voted in favor of the constitution while 25 voted against and 66 members of the Constituent Assembly mainly representing political parties based in Terai boycotted the final debates on the constitution as a protest against states delimitation and inclusion of minorities and Madhesi population in the national and public life.

President Ram Baran Yadav announced the promulgation of the Constitution of Nepal, 2015 (2072 BS) at a special meeting of the Constituent Assembly on September 20, 2015(2072, Asoj 3). The President announced the commencement of the new constitution endorsed by the CA and as authenticated by CA Chairperson Subas Chandra Nembang.

Nepali New Year 2080/Bala Chaturdashi

Balachaturdashi is also one of the pious festivals of the Hindus. It falls on the 14th day of the dark fortnight of Mangsir (November/ December). Thousands of Hindu devotees from across Nepal have congregated in the Pashupatinath temple to pay homage to their near and dear ones, who died over the last year, on the occasion of Bala Chaturdashi. Camping under the open sky or tents arranged by the Pashupati Area Development Trust, the bereaved ones observe penance the whole night, lighting oil lamps and keeping themselves awake throughout the night, praying for the departed souls to rest in heaven.

Nepali New Year 2080/Story Behind Bala Chaturdashi:

Bala Nanda, a trader, came to Arya Ghat (where people are cremated through burning), to attend the funeral of one of his relatives. Bala Nanda sitting nearby and eating the ceremonial food, when a small portion of the dead body popped out from the fire into his plate. He unknowingly swallowed the flesh of the dead body that fell into his plate. Soon he swallowed the flesh he transformed into a horrible demon with a silver head. He became a cannibal (man-eating human meat). Bala Nanda suddenly grabbed a dead body from the fire and started eating it. People were terrified and ran away.

Then onwards he is called Balsur. Asur means Demon. (Bala+Asur=Balasur). Arya Ghat then became the favorite place for Balasur. People were scared to go to Arya Ghat to cremate dead relatives. People pleaded with the king to solve the problem. King assigned Brisha Singh, a very good friend of Balasur to kill him. Brisha manages to kill Balasur by betrayal.

Brisha felt guilty for deceiving Bala. He went to meditation in the Sleshmantak Ban (forest) enchanted Om and prayed to Lord Shiva for the rescue of his friend Balasur. Lord Shiva was pleased by his sincere affection for his friend.  Lord Shiva helped in the salvation of Balasur. Lord Shiva also told Brisha to scatter sat biu or seven varieties of grain, on the holy grounds of the Shlesmantak forest to cleanse the sin of Balasur and to erase his guilt for killing a friend. From that day, the tradition of Dropping Seven Grains (Sat biu) started.

Nepali New Year 2080/Bibaha Panchami

Sita Bibaha Panchami is the auspicious day when the princesses of Janakpurdham Sita married the prince of Ayodhya Ram Chandra. Sita was the daughter of King Janak of Janakpur. She is also known as the daughter of Earth. Ram was the son of King Dasharath of Ayodhya. Sita and Ram were married on Marga Sulka Panchami (December/Mangsir). The marriage anniversary of Lord Ram Chandra and Sita is celebrated at Janaki Mandir in Janakpurdham. The temple is filled with thousands of people from all across Nepal and India. A grand celebration is organized in Janaki temple.  The temple is decorated as a real marriage Mandap (a Hindu marriage place).

Nepali New Year 2080/Udauli Parva

Udhauli is a festival of the Kirat communities of Rai people specially celebrated by Bantawa, Lohorung, unaware, Yakkha, etc of Nepal, India, and around the world by Kirati People celebrated every year marking the migration phase downwards towards the low-altitude regions when the winter season arrives. The migration from the low-altitude areas upwards to hilly areas is called Ubhauli (upwards), which is also an annual festival of these communities. On the Udhauli festival day, the Kirat people offer thanks to Mother Nature for providing a good harvest.

Udauli festival is celebrated by all Kirat people. It is believed that from this day the winter season starts. So people, birds, and animals migrate from cold regions to warmer regions. It’s mainly celebrated in the eastern region of Nepal by dancing an exotic dance called Sakela commonly known as Chandi. The dance is very popular in Nepal and is performed by dancing harmoniously in a circle with the beat of Dhol/drum, Jhyamta/cymbals, etc. The main destinations for the Sakela are Dharan, Dhankuta, Pathari, Kanepokhari, Kerabari etc. This event of the Kirat people has also been stated in the Mundhum (holy book of the Kirat people).

Nepali New Year 2080/Tamu Losar

Tamu is another name of the Gurung community of Nepal and Losar means New Year. Tamu Losar is the celebration of Gurung’s New Year. The Tamu Losar marks the beginning of the Tamu Sambat or Gurung Calendar Year.  Tamu Losar is celebrated on every 15 Poush of the Nepali calendar (in December/January). This year Losar is on 30th December 2013 on Sunday.

Losar is the time when family members of all generations get together and exchange love and greetings. In big cities, Gurungs come together to celebrate Tamu Losar (Gurung’s New Year) at a commonplace and rejoice in various cultural processions, feasting, and greetings.

In the old days in the villages, they gathered in courtyards to celebrate Losar. In Kathmandu, Losar is celebrated in Tundikhel ground at the city center vibrant with colorful stalls and people flooding inside on Poush 15 under the Nepali Bikram Sambat Calendar. Push 15 marks the end of winter and the start of spring which also brings warmness and charm to Tamu Losar.

Gurungs all across the world celebrate Tamu Losar by organizing rallies in traditional attires and cultural programs. They also visit Buddhist shrines on that day. The days in Losar and the events are opportunities for Nepal travelers to witness the cultural heritages of the Gurung community

Nepali New Year 2080/Christmas Day

Christian festival celebrating the birth of Jesus. The English term Christmas (“mass on Christ’s day”) is of fairly recent origin. The earlier term Yule may have derived from the Germanic jol or the Anglo-Saxon Geol, which referred to the feast of the winter solstice. The corresponding terms in other languages, Navidad in Spanish, Natale in Italian, and Noel in French all probably denote nativity. The German word Weihnachten denotes “hallowed night.” Since the early 20th century, Christmas has also been a secular family holiday, observed by Christians and non-Christians alike, devoid of Christian elements, and marked by an increasingly elaborate exchange of gifts. In this secular Christmas celebration, a mythical figure named Santa Claus plays a pivotal role.

Christmas Day celebrates the Nativity of Jesus which according to tradition took place on December 25th 1 BC. December  25th will be a public holiday in most countries around the world. If 25 December falls on a weekend, then a nearby weekday may be taken as a holiday in lieu.

The Federation started marking Christmas Day as a major celebration in Nepal in 2063 BS (2006). The government had declared Christmas Day as a national holiday for the next 11 years. However, since 2075 BS (2018) it has been a public holiday only for Nepal’s estimated three million Christians.

Nepali New Year 2080/Prithvi Jayanti

This occasion is celebrated in January (Poush 27) in honor of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of modern Nepal. ‘Birthday of Prithvi Narayan Shah’; also known as the National Unification Day or National Unity Day is an observance annually celebrated on 11 January to commemorate the birth of King Prithvi Narayan Shah who was the first king of unified Nepal. In the mid-18th century, he set out to unify small kingdoms which would become present-day Nepal. During the observance, many people add a garland to statues of Shah, participate in the parades, and remember his contribution to Nepal. Prithvi Jayanti was celebrated as a public holiday from 1951 until its abolishment in 2006. However, some local governments in Gorkha District and Nuwakot District have declared Prithvi Jayanti to be a public holiday. Now it is a national holiday all over the nation. There is some pressure from some Nepalese citizens to reinstate it as a federal holiday.

Historical Gorkha Tour on Holi 2080

Historical Gorkha Village Tour – 9 Days

The Bhimsen Thapa Rural Municipality, established in 2017 (2073 BS) under Nepal’s new administrative framework, holds historical significance with villages like Borlang, Dhawa, and Tandrang. These areas were once home to Dharma Guru Guru Dullav, a religious priest and intellectual astronomer during the time of Ram Shah. Borlang, the birthplace of national hero Bhimsen Thapa, served as a stronghold for the strong prime minister of early modern Nepal, renowned for his role in the unification of Nepal and the Nepal Anglo war. The rural municipality derives its name from this national hero.

Bhimsen Thapa Rural Municipality is geographically bordered by Dhading District to the East, Gorkha Municipality, and Siranchok Rural Municipality to the West, Barpak Sulikot Rural Municipality, and Aarughat Rural Municipality to the North, and Sahid Lakhan Rural Municipality and Dhading District to the South.

Key Highlights of the Historical Gorkha Village Tour – 9 Days

Embarking on a tour of Gorkha offers a unique opportunity to delve into Nepal’s rich history, culture, and lifestyle, all set against the backdrop of the region’s natural beauty. The Historical Gorkha Village Tour serves as a pilgrimage, historical exploration, cultural immersion, and local experience, featuring notable attractions such as Gorkha Durbar, the former palace of the Shahs, traditional villages, Tarakhase, Siddhakali Temple, the Brick Pond of Dhawa, and monuments erected by Bhimsen Thapa.

This village tour unfolds at Gorkha Durbar, a remarkable structure encompassing a fort, palace, and temple, perched high on a knife-edge ridge above Gorkha. The vantage point offers breathtaking views of the Trisuli Valley and the majestic peaks of the Annapurna, Manaslu, and Ganesh Himalayas.

Accessible year-round, Gorkha, known as the cradle of the unification campaign in greater Nepal, is only a 4-5 hour drive from Kathmandu, ensuring an optimal touring experience.

Outline Itinerary

Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu

Day 2: Kathmandu Sightseeing

Day 3: Drive from Kathmandu to Gorkha and Visit Gorkha

Day 4: Visit Gorkhakalika and proceed to Khanchok

Day 5: Journey from Khanchok to Dhawa

Day 6: Exploration of Dhawa’s historical and ethnic village

Day 7: Excursion from Dhawa to Borlang

Day 8: Drive from Borlang to Ashrang and return to Kathmandu

Day 9: Final Departure

Nepali New Year 2080/Sonam Losar

The Sherpas most impressively observe this festival in January/February/Magh. They organize folk songs and dances on this occasion. These dances can be seen in Kathmandu, Helambu, and other northern regions of Nepal and also at Bouddhanath in Kathmandu. Sonam Losar falls on different dates each year in Bikram Sambat and the English calendar. This calendar is an ancient Tibetan/Chinese lunar calendar. The New Year usually falls on the second new moon after the winter solstice (rarely the third if an intercalary month intervenes). That is on Magh Sukla Pratipada, under the eastern lunar calendar.

Tamang has a tradition of counting years with an association of symbols of 12 different animals. It starts with Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig. Nowadays Tamangs in Kathmandu and nearby gather in Tudikhel to celebrate Soman Losar. They organized different programs there. The attractions are generally pooja, Lok Dohari competitions, Food Festivals, Dramas, etc.

Nepali New Year 2080/Maghe Sankranti

Generally, Makar Sankranti falls on 14 January and is called Makar Sankranti or Maghi in the Indian subcontinent. Maghe Sankranti is a major harvest festival celebrated in Madhesh and Tharuhat of Nepal. The movement of the sun from one zodiac sign into another is called Sankranti and as the Sun moves into the Capricorn zodiacal sign known as Makara, this occasion is named Makara Sankranti in the Pahari context. It is one of the few Nepalese festivals of Madhesi and Tharu people celebrate it on a fixed date, i.e., 14 January because this solar festival in the honor of the deity Surya follows the solar cycle of the Bikrami calendar, unlike other festivals that follow the lunar cycle.

Maghe Sankranti is regarded as marking the beginning of an auspicious phase in Nepalese culture. It is cited as the ‘holy phase of transition’. It marks the end of an inauspicious phase which according to the Hindu calendar begins around mid-December. It is believed that any auspicious and sacred ritual can be sanctified in any Nepali family, from this day onwards. Scientifically, this day marks the beginning of warmer and longer days compared to the nights. In other words, Sankranti marks the termination of the winter season and the beginning of a new harvest or spring season

Shree Panchami/Basanta Panchami

Basanta Panchami is also one of the very important festivals. It falls in the bright fortnight of Magh January/February (Magh/Falgun). In this festival, Saraswati’s mother the Goddess of knowledge is worshipped grandly by all, especially by the students, teachers, and scholars.  She is the mother of education and she is believed to be the Guru (teacher) of all kinds of education; without her worship, we can’t get good knowledge. A huge assemblage of devotees takes place in every Saraswati temple in the country to worship the Goddess. This occasion is called the Shree Panchami as well. Guardians take their small children to the temple and they are given some writing chalks in their hands to start their education by writing on the wall of the temple. Devotees believe that if the children are taken to start their education from the Saraswati temple on this day, they will become very efficient and educated people of the country in the future.

Nepali New Year 2080/National Democracy Day

National Democracy Day is celebrated on the 7th of Falgun, usually on the third week of February. It is also known as Rashtriya Prajatantra Diwas celebrated to commemorate the day when Nepalese were free from the clutches of 104 Years long Rana Autocracy. People and the then ruler king Tribhuvan united to topple the autocratic regime on this very day in 2007 BS. It was the day when democracy was first institutionalized in the country. On this special occasion, a government holiday is provided to all of the staff to celebrate the day by paying tribute to known and unknown martyrs during that period. A special function is organized to mark the day in the Army pavilion, Tudikhel.

Maha Shivaratri 2080/Holi 2080/Ghodejatra

Maha Shivaratri 2080

Maha Shivaratri of 2080 lies on the date Falgun 28 i.e. March 08, 2024. Shivaratri, an important Hindu festival, is widely celebrated in India and Nepal. It occurs on the 14th night of the lunar month, typically in February or March.

During Maha Shivaratri, devotees venerated Lord Shiva, a prominent deity in Hinduism, through fasting, prayers, and temple visits. Many stay awake all night, engaging in sacred hymns and religious activities.

This festival carries profound spiritual significance, representing the triumph over darkness and ignorance, and awakening divine consciousness.

Similarly, Maha Shivaratri is a time for spiritual reflection and seeking blessings for inner transformation and liberation. It fosters unity and devotion to Lord Shiva, the auspicious destroyer and benevolent creator in Hindu mythology. Join in the celebration to experience the profound spiritual energies and cultural richness of Maha Shivaratri.

Nepali New Year 2080/Holi

Holi, the lively festival of colors, is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Nepal for 2 days. 2080 Holi lies on date Chaitra 11 and 12 i.e. March 24th and 25th, 2024. This vibrant event spans two days, starting with “Chhoti Holi” or “Holika Dahan,” where bonfires symbolize the triumph of good over evil. The main celebration, “Rangwali Holi,” takes place the next day, with people joyfully splashing colored powders and water on each other.

Nepal’s Holi traditions include seeking blessings from elders and exchanging tika as a sign of respect. The festival creates a kaleidoscope of colors in the streets, accompanied by music, dance, and traditional songs.

Besides its religious significance, Holi marks the arrival of spring, representing the renewal of life and nature’s vibrant hues after winter.

Holi in Nepal fosters unity and joy, bringing people from diverse backgrounds together in celebration. This colorful festival spreads happiness, love, and a sense of togetherness, making it an unforgettable experience for all. Join in the merriment of Holi in Nepal and embrace the spirit of harmony and camaraderie.

Yoga Tour in Nepal Brief Insight

Yoga physical is a mental and spiritual practice or discipline which originated in ancient Nepal. Yoga is one of the six Astika (orthodox) schools of Hindu philosophical traditions. Yoga Tour in Nepal is a great experience in the Himalayas.

Outline Itinerary


Ghode Jatra, meaning Horse Parade is organized in Tudikhel in Kathmandu every year. Ghode Jatra is organized on the no-moon day of Chaitra Sukla Paksha of the Eastern Lunar calendar. This parade is organized and performed by the Nepal Army and Police together. This occasion falls about mid-March or early April (Chaitra).  A big horse parade takes place at Tundikhel.

The idols of the Gods Lumadi, Bhadrakali, Kankeshwari, and Bhairav are brought to Asan Chok during the daytime at the main celebration and night in Tundikhel. This day these Gods meet together every year

Ghode Jatra was organized to celebrate the victory over a demon named Tundi who resides over the field known as Tundikhel. Tundi was a big terror for the people of Kathmandu. When she died people cheered by dancing onto his body with horses. It is believed that the galloping of horses on Ghode Jatra at Tundikhel keeps the demon’s spirit under the ground.

Want to celebrate any festival in Nepal? I guarantee that you will have a great experience exploring the festival over here. Please mail us at [email protected] or text us on Viber/Whatsapp at +977 9841390387 if you are interested in enjoying it.