Tsum Valley

Tsum Valley

The Tsum Valley is a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley. It is situated in northern Gorkha, Nepal. Literally “Tsum” means vivid. Against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal and Sringi Himal, and Boudha ranges, this serene Himalayan valley is rich in ancient art, culture, and religion. The local people are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak unique dialects.

Tsum Valley

Tsum Valley  is located near the remote borderlands of the high Himalayas are several sacred beyul. As secret valleys found by people with pure minds and hearts.  Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava) created the beyuls according to the ancient teachings. The renowned 8th-century mystic introduced the Vajrayana philosophy of Buddhism to the Tibetan, Nepali, and Bhutanese people in the Himalayas.

As well as, These magical valleys are havens of peace, prosperity, spirituality, and a sacred refuge for true seekers and believers. In the 17th-century, Tsum Valley became known as Beyul Kyimolung.

Any traveler who visits here understands why Tsum is a sacred and magical beyul.  And from Tibet in the north by high snow-covered passes. It is home to 18 small villages and about 4000 people of the indigenous ethnic group known as “Tsumbas”. As They are primarily of Tibetan origin and practice Buddhism and Bon religions.

It is surrounded by soaring Himalayan peaks, including the Baudha Himal and Himal Chuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the South, and Sringi Himal to the north. Three high passes bound the valley.  Including Ngala Dhoj Hyang (5093 m.) to the east and Thapa Pass (5326 m.) to the west. There are no airports, roads, or motorized vehicles in (or near) Tsum Valley. All travel is done on foot along time-worn trails that feature many ancient chortens and carved.  mani stone walls inscribed with prayers and depictions of deities.

Moreover on Tsum Valley

The valley occupies an area of about 1663 km2. The lowest point of the Tsum Valley trek is Lhokpa (1905 m). And the highest is Ngala Dhojhyang Pass (over 5093 m) on the Tibetan border. Likewise, The Hidden Valley is surrounded by the Baudha Himal and Himal Chuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the south, and Sringi Himal to the North.

The valley is uniquely rich in wildlife, especially the Himalayan Thar and Blue Sheep which congregates in herds of 50 to 200.  Thus, Hunting, fishing is not allow. Thus, The valley also boasts some unique and historic monasteries, including Rachen Gumba and Mu Gumba. Which lie on a pretty plateau nestled in the lap of the valley, and Gumba Lungdang. And situated at the base of a conical hill against the main slope of Ganesh Himal.

Furthermore, Tsum Valley only opened to foreign trekkers in 2008. Due to this, along with its remoteness and inaccessibility. Tsum Valley and its people have avoided commercial impacts and changes for centuries. As a result, its unique culture has remained largely intact. Since it has not been visited by many travelers, there are very few established amenities. Such as teahouses, hotels, stores, or restaurants along the trail. Instead, we offer fully-supported camping treks and enriching homestay programs in Tsum Valley. Similarly, It allows travelers more interaction and insight into traditional Himalayan lifestyles.

Posted by

Kapil Banjara

Kapil is been working for 7 years in the tourism industry as a professional tour guide. He is a resource person of Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism under Tribhuvan University for 8 years.
Kapil has also published a tourism-related book titled “Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism” from Buddha Publication. He has been completed his master’s degree in different social subjects such as Population Studies, Political Science, Educational Planning and Management, and sociology.

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