Guidelines for Everest Trek

Guidelines for Everest Trek

The Everest Base Camp trek is one of Nepal’s most popular trekking routes. It takes you through the stunning Khumbu region of the Himalayas. And lets you get close to Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. The trek begins in the town of Lukla and takes approximately 12 to 14 days to reach Everest Base Camp, where mountaineers get ready for their ascent to the summit.

You will trek through beautiful landscapes, remote villages, and traditional Sherpa communities. In addition, you will have the chance to visit Buddhist monasteries, take in breathtaking mountain scenery, and learn about Nepal’s distinctive culture and warm hospitality.

The trek is regarded as difficult due to the significant elevation gain, treacherous terrain, and potential for altitude sickness. However, anyone in the good physical condition who is willing to properly prepare and acclimatize can accomplish it. For safety and convenience, it is recommended to hire a guide and a porter, and many trekking companies offer guided tours with knowledgeable guides and support staff. The Everest Base Camp trek is an unforgettable adventure that gives you a close-up look at the breathtaking Himalayan scenery.

Everest Base Camp Trek Highlights:  

Magnificent mountain vistas: Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Nuptse are just a few of the world’s highest peaks that can be seen from this trek. 

As you travel through the Sagarmatha National Park: The Himalayan Thar and snow leopard, both of which are in danger, can be found in abundance in Sagarmatha National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

Visiting Sherpa villages of old: The trek takes you through traditional Sherpa villages, allowing you to get a sense of the Sherpa people’s distinctive culture and way of life. 

Going to a Buddhist Monastery: As one of the most significant Buddhist cultural and spiritual centers in the Khumbu region, Teng Boche Monastery is one of the ancient Buddhist monasteries visited on the trek. 

Going on a hike to Base Camp: The trek’s destination is Mount Everest’s base camp, a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for many hikers. 

The picturesque flight between Kathmandu and Lukla: The trek begins with a beautiful flight from Kathmandu to Lukla with stunning views of the Himalayas and the region’s lush, terraced hills. 


The most notable features of the Everest Base Camp trek  

Kala Patthar: 

One of the most important aspects of the Everest Base Camp trek is Kala Patthar. At an elevation of 5,555 meters (18,192 feet) above sea level, it is a small peak. A popular spot for hikers and climbers, the peak offers one of the best views of Mount Everest and the surrounding peaks. 

Trekkers can see the Khumbu Icefall, a perilous section of the mountain known for its large crevasses and shifting blocks of ice, and the South Col, the route that climbers use to reach the summit of Mount Everest, from Kala Patthar. The mountain and the surrounding peaks take on a variety of orange, pink, and purple hues at sunrise and sunset, making the view from Kala Patthar the most breathtaking. 

Everest Base Camp 

Reaching Mount Everest’s base camp, the world’s tallest mountain is the Everest Base Camp Trek’s main draw. At 5,364 meters (17,598 feet), the base camp gives you a close-up view of the mountain and a chance to stand at the base of the world’s highest peak. It is a historic and significant destination for mountaineers and trekkers alike because the base camp serves as the starting point for climbers attempting to reach the summit of Everest. 

Hotel Everest View: 

Hikers on the Everest Base Camp Trek frequently stop at the Everest View Hotel. At a height of 5,364 meters (17,594 feet), it is the world’s tallest hotel. It is in the town of Gorak Shep. The hotel is a wonderful place to watch the sun rise or set because it has stunning views of Mount Everest and the mountains surrounding it. Before moving on to the base camp, the hotel is also a popular spot for rest and acclimatization. If you want to have a one-of-a-kind experience at a high altitude, the hotel is a suitable place to stay for the night. You can also wake up and see Mount Everest from your hotel window. 

Khumbu Glacier 

One of the most important aspects of the Everest Base Camp trek is the Khumbu Glacier. Numerous climbing expeditions begin at the glacier, which is at the base of Mount Everest. Trekkers can get a close-up look at the massive glacier and get a sense of how big the mountain they are trying to climb is. In addition, the Khumbu Glacier affords breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains, including the well-known “Icefall,” which is the most perilous section of the Everest ascent route. 

Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary: 

1: Arrival in Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.

2: Preparing for the trek and touring around Kathmandu Valley.

3: Fly to Lukla (2800 m) from Kathmandu and hike to Phakding (2610 m). 

4: Trek to Namche Bazaar from Phakding (3440m). 

5: Day of rest for acclimatization in Namche Bazaar. 

6: Trek to Tengboche (3860 m) from Namche Bazaar. 

7: Take a hike from Tengboche to Dingboche (4360 meters). 

8: Day off for acclimatization in Dingboche. 

9: Trek to Lobuche (4910m) from Dingboche. 

10: Visit the base camp and trek from Lobuche to Gorak Shep (5180 meters). 

11: Trek back to Gorak Shep after a hike to Kalapatthar (5545 meters). 

12: Trek to Pheriche from Gorak Shep (4240m). 

13: Trek to Namche Bazaar from Pheriche. 

14: Trek to Lukla from Namche Bazaar. 

15: Fly to Kathmandu from Lukla and then transfer to the hotel. 

16: departing Kathmandu 

Do you require a guide for Everest Base Camp Trek?

Although it is technically possible to trek to Everest Base Camp on your own, hiring a guide is strongly recommended. Even though the path to Everest Base Camp is well-traveled, it is still a remote and difficult trek that only a certain amount of experience and knowledge can safely navigate. 

The trail, the culture of the area, and the best places to stay along the way can all be learned from a guide. Additionally, they will be able to assist with language barriers and decide on the necessary permits, lodging, and transportation. If necessary, they can also assist with the planning of any emergency evacuation. 

A guide will also assist you in properly acclimatizing, which is crucial because the trek takes you to a high altitude. They will be able to keep an eye on your condition and alter the route as necessary to guarantee your safety and well-being throughout the trek. 

Finally, trekking with a guide can be a more enjoyable experience because they are familiar with the local culture and can provide insight into the history and customs of the Sherpa people. This can enhance your trekking experience. 

In conclusion, although it is possible to trek to Everest Base Camp on your own, hiring a guide is strongly recommended because they can provide valuable information, assistance, and support to make your trek more enjoyable, safe, and memorable. 


Can a novice ascend Everest Base Camp? 

The Everest Base Camp trek is too difficult for novices and is rated as moderate to difficult. Physical fitness and mental preparation are essential for the trek. The trek lasts several days and takes you to an elevation of more than 5,000 meters. The trail can be difficult due to its steep inclines and rocky terrain. 

In the months leading up to the trek, regular physical activity like hiking, running, or cycling is suggested to get ready for the trek. Before beginning the main trek, it is also an innovative idea to do some acclimatization treks. 

The trek takes place in a remote, high-altitude region, and the weather can be unpredictable. Being well-versed in the risks and ready for any eventualities is essential. 

Having said that, a novice can complete the trek if they are determined and willing to put in the necessary preparation and training. It is important to set reasonable goals and be ready for the physical and mental challenges of trekking at high altitudes. It is also critical to pay attention to your guide and act on their suggestions. 

In conclusion, although the Everest Base Camp trek is not recommended for novices, it is doable for a determined novice to complete the trek with the proper preparation, training, and a realistic attitude. Additionally, having a professional guide with you who can offer guidance and useful information throughout the journey is essential. 

Which month is ideal for trekking to Everest Base Camp? 

The best time to trek to Everest Base Camp depends on what kind of experience you want and your personal preferences. The trek can be completed in either the spring or the fall, and each season has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. 

March through May: Due to the stable weather and clear views, spring is regarded as the best time to trek to Everest Base Camp. The journey is even more beautiful because the rhododendrons and other flowers are in full bloom. However, due to the peak trekking season, the trails may be busier. 

September through November: Additionally, autumn is an excellent time to trek to Everest Base Camp due to the spectacular views and stable and clear weather. During this time, the crowds tend to be smaller, which makes trekking more peaceful. However, due to the shorter days and the possibility of colder nights, it is essential to bring warm clothing and a good headlamp. 

Winter: December through February Winter is not a suitable time to trek to Everest Base Camp because the weather can be unpredictable and the trails can be snowy and icy, making the trek more dangerous and difficult. It can be challenging to properly acclimatize due to the shorter days and much colder temperatures. 

It is also essential to keep in mind that the monsoon season occurs in June, July, and August. During this time, the trekking trails may be muddy and slippery, making the trek challenging. Additionally, the view may not be as clear. 

In conclusion, when to trek to Everest Base Camp is best depends on your preferences. Spring and autumn are regarded as the best times to visit because of the blooming flowers in spring and the clear views and fewer people in autumn.

Is the trek to Everest Base Camp crowded? 

The Everest Base Camp trek is a popular trekking destination, and during the peak trekking seasons (spring and autumn), the trail can get crowded. However, because the crowds are dispersed along the trail, it is still possible to trek in relative peace. Consider going during the off-season if you want to avoid the crowds, as the peak seasons are March to May and September to November. 

Is Everest Base Camp accessible to campers? 

In Nepal, Everest Base Camp is within the Sagarmatha National Park, a protected area. Within the park, camping is permitted in designated camping areas, subject to park regulations. You must have a permit from the park authorities and be accompanied by a licensed guide to camp at Everest Base Camp. Additionally, you must use designated campsites with basic amenities like water supply points and toilets. Because the base camp is regarded as a sacred site by the local Sherpa community, camping is only permitted in designated areas. 

Permits for the Everest trek 

Several permits are needed to trek to Everest Base Camp. The Sagarmatha National Park permit is the most important one to have because it allows you to enter the park and trek to base camp. The Trekkers’ Information Management System (TIMS) card, which is a permit issued by the Nepal Tourism Board, may also be required. The government uses this permission to keep track of the number of trekkers in the area and ensure that they are adequately insured. 

If you plan to hire a guide or porter for the trek, you must also obtain a guide or porter permit. 

The price of these permits varies based on the time of year and nationality, so it is important to have all of them before you start your trek. Additionally, it is a promising idea to inquire with a local tour operator or outfitter about the most recent permit requirements and costs. 

Is it worth climbing Everest Base Camp? 

Depending on your travel goals and preferences, you can choose to trek to Everest Base Camp or not. However, many people find the journey to be extremely satisfying and memorable. 

The trek, which offers breathtaking views of Mount Everest and some of the world’s highest peaks, is a terrific opportunity to learn about the Sherpa culture and way of life, who have lived in the area for centuries. In addition, you can trek through some of the world’s most breathtaking and remote landscapes. 

The trek can be challenging due to the numerous days spent hiking at high altitudes, but most people in good physical condition can complete it. If you are up for a little challenge and enjoy hiking, nature, and adventure, the trek might be worth it for you. 

However, trekking in such a fragile and delicate region has a significant impact on society and the environment, so you should make every effort to minimize your impact. 

How much does going to EBC Trek cost? 

The length of the trek, the time of year, and the level of service provided all affect how much the Everest Base Camp Trek (EBC Trek) costs. The trek can cost anywhere from $4,000 to $1,500 per person on average. Guide and porter services, lodging, and meals are typically included in this price. However, it is essential to keep in mind that there is a possibility of incurring additional costs for things like rental equipment, travel insurance, and flights. 

How cold is Base Camp on Everest? 

Depending on the time of year, the temperature at Everest Base Camp (EBC) can fluctuate. But it typically drops well below freezing at night throughout the year. During the summer months of April through June, daytime temperatures typically range from -5 to -15 degrees Celsius (23 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit). And can fall as low as -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit) at night. During the day, winter temperatures range from -20 to -30 degrees Celsius (-4 to -22 degrees Fahrenheit). And at night, they can fall as low as -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit). The high altitude and strong winds can make these temperatures feel even colder. It is essential to keep in mind that the temperature can fluctuate based on the region and the weather. So it is always preferable to be prepared for the worst. 

How is EBC Trek’s food? 

The EBC Trek’s (Everest Base Camp Trek) food is typically basic and straightforward. But it will vary by teahouse and location. Most teahouses offer a selection of traditional Nepalese dishes, such as momos (Nepalese dumplings) and dal bhat (lentil soup with rice), as well as other basic dishes like pasta, potatoes, and some vegetables. Western-style dishes like pizza, sandwiches, and pancakes can be found in some teahouses. 

It is essential to keep in mind that the location and time of year can have a significant impact on the quantity and quality of the food available. So it is always a good idea to arrive with some non-perishable snacks, energy bars, and other items. At higher altitudes, the options for food may be limited and can be quite basic. Additionally, the body burns more calories at higher altitudes. And it is essential to consume sufficient calories to meet energy requirements. 

It’s also important to keep in mind that some teahouses may not have refrigeration, so food preservation and storage are important considerations. It is always a clever idea to inquire beforehand about the teahouse or trekking agency’s offerings. 

How are the EBC Trek lodgings? 

Teahouses, which are small lodges that provide basic amenities like beds, blankets, and heating, are typically used as lodging during the EBC Trek (Everest Base Camp Trek). A cozy spot to rest and eat is the teahouses that are scattered throughout the trekking route. They are staffed by locals and are mostly used by trekkers.

Teahouses offer a variety of services and amenities, but the majority provide simple meals and shared restrooms. Electricity and Wi-Fi may also be available in some teahouses, but they are not always reliable. There may not be running water, bathrooms, or electricity in some of the teahouses at higher altitudes. It is always better to be ready for the worst when you go. 

It is important to remember that the teahouses can get very crowded during the peak season, and trekkers often must share a room or sleep on the floor. And it is also important to keep in mind that some teahouses may be closed during the off-season, necessitating overnight camping with your camping gear. 

Before going on a trek, it is always preferable to conduct some research and have a backup strategy in case things do not go as planned. 

Insurance for the Everest Base Camp (EBC) Trek  

Travel insurance is a crucial aspect of any trek. And the EBC Trek—also known as the Everest Base Camp Trek—is no exception. A good policy of travel insurance will cover things like trip cancellation, medical emergencies, and evacuation. 

When purchasing travel insurance for the EBC Trek, it’s critical to look for a coverage that is designed specifically for trekking and adventure travel. High-altitude sickness, helicopter evacuation, and emergency medical treatment are typically covered by this. 

In addition, it is essential to verify that the policy covers the activities and places you will visit during the trek. As well as adequate coverage limits for medical expenses and evacuation. 

You should also check to see that your insurance policy covers your trip. Including the time you spend trekking and any other travel plans, you might have before or after the trek. 

It’s also important to remember that participating in a trek often necessitates showing proof of travel insurance coverage from several trekking companies. It’s always a good idea to confirm this with them before purchasing insurance. 

To find the travel insurance policy that best suits your requirements and your financial situation. As it is always a good idea to conduct some research and contrast various policies. 

 How are Internet, electricity, and mobile network facilities? 

During the EBC Trek (Everest Base Camp Trek), internet, electricity, and mobile network availability can vary greatly. 

Although the connection can be sluggish and unreliable at times, coverage of the internet and mobile networks is generally good in the more populated areas of the trek, such as Lukla and Namche Bazaar. However, the availability of these services decreases as you travel further into the mountains. It’s possible that many teahouses at higher altitudes do not have internet or electricity. 

Generators or solar panels are frequently used to generate electricity, which is not always reliable. The availability of electricity at many teahouses is limited, and it may not be available at all at night. While charging services may be available for a small fee at some teahouses, bringing a power bank or additional batteries is always recommended. 

In higher altitudes, mobile network coverage is also limited, and weak or nonexistent signals are common. It’s always a good idea to check with your service provider to see if they cover the area and offer any hiker-specific packages. 

Avoiding reliance on the internet, mobile network, or electricity during the trek can make the experience more authentic and enjoyable, so it’s always a good idea to come prepared for the worst. 


 Altitude sickness and preventive measures while EBC trek 

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is a condition that can occur at high altitudes. And is characterized by symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, and difficulty sleeping. Altitude sickness prevention during the EBC trek. The body’s inability to adjust to the lower oxygen levels at high altitudes can lead to these symptoms, which can be mild to severe. 

During the EBC Trek (Everest Base Camp Trek), the best way to avoid AMS is to gradually climb to high altitudes, giving the body time to adjust to the lower oxygen levels. This is important for avoiding AMS and is referred to as “acclimatization.” 

It’s a good idea to add more days to your trek to allow for acclimatization, especially in higher-altitude areas like Kalapatthar and Gorak Shep. Your body will have time to adjust to the lower oxygen levels, lowering your risk of developing AMS. 


The following are additional ways to prevent this: 

Be aware of the signs and symptoms of AMS and consult a doctor before the trek if you have any health concerns.  

It’s also important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of AMS and to seek medical attention if they get worse.  

Avoid alcohol and other depressants.  

Stay warm, dry, and well-rested.  

Avoid overexertion.  

Take Diamox (Acetazolamide) as a prophylactic medication.  

The best treatment for AMS is to descend to a lower altitude and rest if necessary. 

The most important thing to remember is that it is always in your best interest to listen to your body. If you feel unwell, it is preferable to descend and seek medical attention rather than attempt to ignore the signs and symptoms. 

Is a helicopter tour of Everest Base Camp feasible? 

Helicopter tours of Everest Base Camp (EBC) are an option. You will not have to trek for several days on a helicopter tour of EBC to see the stunning mountain views and surrounding landscapes. 

In most cases, helicopter tours begin in Kathmandu and travel over the Himalayas, including Mount Everest, to arrive at EBC. Depending on the tour company and the route, the flight takes about two to three hours. You will also have a panoramic view of Mt. Everest and other Khumbu region peaks from EBC. 

However, please keep in mind that helicopter tours are typically more expensive than trekking. And that they only spend a limited amount of time at Base Camp, typically 30 to 1 hour. Additionally, a helicopter tour has a negative impact on the environment. And is not a sustainable means of experiencing the Himalayas’ beauty. 

Also, keep in mind that the Himalayan weather can be unpredictable and affect the flight schedule. As a result, it’s important to have a flexible itinerary and be ready for delays or cancellations. 

Before booking a helicopter tour of EBC, it is always best to check with a reputable tour operator and read customer reviews.

Things to bring on an Everest Trek

The climb to Mount Everest is an exciting and difficult adventure. Packing the right gear before your trip is essential to your success, comfort, and safety. Consider packing the following essentials for your Everest trek:

a. Warm water-resistant attire:

You’ll need gloves, insulated pants, and a down jacket to stay warm and dry at higher elevations. Where temperatures can drop to below freezing.

b. Boots for trekking:

For rough terrain, you need good trekking boots with ankle support.

c. Liner and sleeping bag:

To remain warm at night, you need a warm sleeping bag, and a liner can provide additional warmth and comfort.

d. Contacts:

At higher altitudes, UV radiation can be particularly intense, so sunglasses of high quality are essential for eye protection.

e. Lip balm and sunscreen:

Even on cloudy days, the sun’s rays can be harsh, so bring lip balm and sunscreen with a high SPF to protect your skin.

f. Emergency kit:

In case of an emergency, a well-stocked first aid kit should contain bandages, antiseptic, treatment for blisters, and pain relievers.

g. Water bottles and tablets for purifying water:

At higher altitudes, staying hydrated is essential. Therefore, bring enough water bottles and water purification tablets to last you the entire day.

h. A flashlight or headlamp:

In the mountains, it gets dark early, so walking the trails at night requires a headlamp or flashlight.

i. Walking sticks:

Trekking poles can help you stay balanced on uneven terrain and reduce knee strain.

j. A battery pack:

When there is no access to electricity, a portable charger can keep your electronic devices charged.


Posted by

Kapil Banjara

Kapil is been working for 7 years in the tourism industry as a professional tour guide. He is a resource person of Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism under Tribhuvan University for 8 years.
Kapil has also published a tourism-related book titled “Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism” from Buddha Publication. He has been completed his master’s degree in different social subjects such as Population Studies, Political Science, Educational Planning and Management, and sociology.

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