Introduction and Geography of Nepal

Amazing Tourist Destination of Nepal

Introduction and Geography of Nepal are important to get holo study of the mountainous country. Nepal is a small country according to size but the Introduction and Geography of Nepal are broad. Because it was originated from the ancient period as well as there is a variety of land topography and climate.

Origin of Nepal

There are different histories relating back to the formation of Nepal. Standing between China, India, and Tibet many of the people might wonder how Nepal came into being. Since the people of Nepal have different caste and religions they have their own point of perception towards the formation of Nepal. Most of them however explain Kathmandu valley as the center of Nepal.

Introduction and Geography of Nepal

According to Gopalraj Bansawali in the beginning, Kathmandu was a big lake called Nagdaha. Lord Krishna drained the water from the valley by cutting the hill at Chobhar with his Sudarshan Chakra or wheel; he then nominated Bhuktamana the King of the valley. Since the people who came with Lord Krishna were cowherds their dynasty was called Gopal Dynasty.

The introduction and Geography of Nepal are important for those people who want to know Nepal.  According to Buddhists the geological setting of the valley points to the existence of a lake near the Chobar gorge on the Bagmati River. Below the present Pashupatinath Temple, which was a pilgrimage place during the period of the Buddha. This lake is said to have been drained by Manjushree Bodhisattva, a Buddhist saint, by cutting open an outlet in the southern rim of the valley.

As a result, the valley that was created was fertile and people started cultivating here and building their homes here. As the valley grew, Manjushree is said to have worshipped Swayambhu on the hillock where the present Swayambhu temple is located. He also founded the city of Manjupatan, which today lies within the Kathmandu Metropolitan area, located between Swayambu and Gujeswari. He even declared his disciple Dharmakarma as the ruler of that city.

(Introduction and Geography of Nepal) In another context, Nepal was not divided at first. As a medieval period, it was divided into many different cities and was like that of the states. After the death of Narabhupal Shah, in 1743 AD (1799 BS) the brave Prithvi Narayan Shah becomes the king of the Gorkha Kingdom. Then he re-united Nepal into one and thus Nepal was formed. Late king Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered all the Nepali cities and united them to become one whole nation.

Introduction and Geography of Nepal

Previously, Nepal consisted of 3 beautiful cities i.e. Kantipur now known as Kathmandu, Bhadgaun now known as Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur. These were the beautiful cities of Nepal and King Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered this city with lots of effort. Now present Nepal owns him for the unification of Nepal into one whole country. His words of wisdom were “Nepal is a beautiful country made of 4 Barna and 36 jats.”

The period of the unification campaign was at a peak, Bhimshen Thapa as a prime minister of Nepal. During his time the territory of Nepal extends the Tista River in the east to Sutlej River in the west. But due to an uneven treaty between the East India Company and Nepal, our territory was limited to Mechi to Mahakali. During the rules of Jungabahadur Rana Nepal help the British rule and Gorkhas were recruited as a soldier in the British India army. Then they return some parts of the Terai region like Banke, Bardiya, Kailali, and Kanchanpurdistrict to Nepal in 1860 AD. After that current Nepal is formed according to the boundary.

Toponymy (legal terminology)

(Introduction and Geography of Nepal) In a Licchavi-era inscription found in Tistung, the local people who have been addressed are the ‘Nepals’. Experts are of the opinion that some or all of the inhabitants of Nepal in the ancient period were likely called ‘Nepals’, which meant that the word ‘Nepal’ was used to refer to both the land and its population. These Nepals are considered the progenitors of modern-day Newars. The terms ‘Nepal’ and ‘Newar’ are variations of the same term. Other variants found in medieval texts are ‘Nepar’ and ‘Newal’.

Introduction and Geography of Nepal

The derivation of the word Nepal is also the subject of a number of other theories:

  • Nep is the people that used to be cow herders (Gopal) who came to the Nepal valley from the Ganges Plain of modern-day India. Combining the two words yields Nepal.
  • The Sanskrit word Nepalaya means “at the foot of the mountains” or “abode at the foot”; Nepal’s name was derived from this.
  • The Tibetan word Niyampal means “holy land”. Nepal may be derived from it.
  • According to the Newari language ‘Ne’ means middle and ‘Pa’ means country. So the country is situated in the middle of hills.
  • Some inhabitants of northern Nepal came from Tibet, where they herded sheep and produced wool. In Tibetan, ne means “wool” and pal means “house”. Thus, Nepal is a “house of wool”.
  • A popular theory is that the Lepcha people used the words ne (“holy”) and pal (“cave”) and thus Nepal to describe a “holy cave”.
  • According to Buddhist legend, the deity Manjusri drained the water from Nagadaha (a mythical lake that is believed to have filled the Kathmandu Valley). The valley became inhabitable and was ruled by Bhumigupta or Bhuktaman, a cow-herder, who took advice from a sage named “Ne” means “protector” or “taking care”, so Nepal reflected the name of the sage who took care of the place, according to Nepali scholar Rishikesh Shaha.

 Nepal as a sovereign country:

A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states.

It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power. Under international law, a state is an entity that has a defined territory and a permanent population, under the control of its own government. And that engages in, or has the capacity to engage in, formal relations with other such entities. Note: Nations and Nation-States

While according to the declarative theory of statehood, a sovereign state can exist without being recognized by other sovereign states. Unrecognized states will often find it hard to exercise full treaty-making powers and engage in diplomatic relations with other sovereign states.

Introduction and Geography of Nepal

Geography of Nepal

Nepal is a sovereign independent kingdom situated on the southern slopes of the mid-Himalayas, the formidable range of eternal shows. Nepal’s boundary limits are as follows.: In the east, the Mechi River and Singallia ridge separate the country from Sikkim and West Bengal. In the south, the boundary pillars and about nine meters of no man’s land on either side demarcate the Nepalese territory from the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. In the west Mahakali River is the natural border separating the Kingdom from Uttar Pradesh. Nepal’s northern boundary merges with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. Nepal is a land-locked country, the nearest seacoast being 1,127 kilometers away in India.

Our neighboring countries are colonized by different countries at different times but Nepal has not. So this country is sovereign from beginning to now. Our Ancaster (Gorkhas) are able to protect our country from the colonization behavior of the British as well as other European people.

 Geography and location: Geographical location refers to a specific physical point on Earth. This is more precise than “area” or “place,” often defined by a set of latitude and longitude coordinates.

 Geography and location of Nepal:

(Introduction and Geography of Nepal) The physical build of Nepal is of extreme diversity. Its surface configuration consists of main mountains, hills, plateaus, basins, and valleys of varying altitudes and magnitude. Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive democratic socialism oriented federal democratic republican state. (Constitution of Nepal, 2072, Part 1).

Introduction and Geography of Nepal

  • Nepal with 147,181 sq km. of territory. It is 23 times smaller than India and 68 times smaller than China.
  • It occupies 0.03 Percent territory of the world and 0.3 percent territory of the Asia continent.
  • The nearest sea from Nepal is Bey of Bengal 1127 km far.
  • Its territory runs 885 km. From east to west, having a non-uniform, mean width of 193 km
  • north to south from latitude:​ 26° 22′ N to 30° 27′ N and longitude:​ 80° 4′ E to 88° 12′ E
  • Standard Time is 5:45 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Timebase on the Gouri Shankar Himal.

It is estimated that about 75% of its land surface is built of varied mountains and hills. Some parts are including river basins and tectonic valleys entrapped in between them. On the basis of landforms and their elevation, the Kingdom of Nepal can be divided into three broad physiography divisions. They are the Tarai Region, Hilly Region, and Mountain Region.

Our service for our guest

Our trips are fully supported and offer personalized service to our guests. If you’re interested to involve in these trips by your interest, time, and physical and mental preparation it’s fine.

Besides this, Hot Spring Trek, Trek near Kathmandu, Panchase Trek, Ghalegaun Trek, Chepang Hill Trek, Chisapani Nagarkot Trek, Ghorepani Ghandruk Trek are available.

Similarly, Annapurna Circuit Trek – 14 Days, Annapurna Base Camp Trek – 14 Days, and many more are in Annapurna Region.

Other hands, Everest Base Camp Trek – 12 Days, Everest Three Pass Trek – 17 Days are in Everest Region

In Langtang Region Holy Gosainkunda Trek – 6 Days, Langtang Valley Trek – 9 Days, Langtang Gosainkunda Chisapani Trek – 13 Days are available.

Manasalu Area Trek – 15 Days, Upper Mustang Trek – 14 Days, Nar Phu Valley Trek – 12 Days, Rara Lake Trek – 11 Days are in Restricted Region.

As well as Ganesh Himal, Kanchanjunga, Makalu Trek, and furthermore programs are organized by Robinson Crusoe Holidays.

Among the cultural programmed; Honeymoon Tour Package – 10 Days, Nepal Pleasure Tour – 8 Days, Adventure Package Tour – 14 Days, Historical Nepal Tour – 10 Days, Spiritual tour Package – 12 Days, Kathmandu Unique tour – 5 Days, Historical Gorkha Village Tour 9 Days, Nepal India Cultural Tour – 10 Days, Nepal Bhutan Tibet Tour – 12 Days.

If you are interested to plan your tour and trek yourself according to your interest we manage it. According to your time duration and schedule, please go to our Plan Trip or Customize Trip.

Robinson Crusoe Holiday is always ready to provide excellent services for our guests. Based on our cultural motto “Matri Debo Bhaba, Pitrii Debo Bhaba, Atithi Debo Bhaba.” Mother as a God, Father as a God, and Guest as a God.

Posted by

Kapil Banjara

Kapil is been working for 7 years in the tourism industry as a professional tour guide. He is a resource person of Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism under Tribhuvan University for 8 years.
Kapil has also published a tourism-related book titled “Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism” from Buddha Publication. He has been completed his master’s degree in different social subjects such as Population Studies, Political Science, Educational Planning and Management, and sociology.

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