The Everest trek can be done in two main ways: Southeast and Northeast. The southeast is the most popular route because it’s easier to get to and generally considered safer. A trek to Base Camp at 5,380 m (17,600 ft) on the south side of Everest in Nepal marks the start of the ascent via the southeast ridge. The Everest Trek Route map helps one to make the trip successful.
Before reaching Everest Base Camp, the southern route begins in Lukla and passes through Phakding, Namche Bazar, Tengboche, Dingboche, Dughla, Lobuche, and Gorak Shep. Even though you walk in the opposite direction, the views are just as enjoyable on the return route. One of the general questions is How many routes are there on Everest Base Camp? The answer is four. There are 4 routes to trek Everest Base Camp.
The four most common routes to and from Everest Base Camp
1. Classic Everest Base Camp Trek:
Classic Everest Base Camp Trek is a journey that takes trekkers on a breathtaking adventure through the stunning Himalayan landscapes of Nepal. It’s an experience that starts with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla, a small town in the Khumbu region of Nepal. From Lukla, trekkers will begin a journey that takes them through various Sherpa villages, providing a unique opportunity to explore the Sherpa culture and way of life.
The route is full of twists and turns, crossing several suspension bridges, and offers mesmerizing views of the world’s highest mountains, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, and Ama Dablam. The trek offers a glimpse into the lifestyle of the Sherpa people, including their unique customs, traditions, and beliefs.
The journey culminates with a visit to the Everest Base Camp, which is situated at an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 feet). From Everest Base Camp, trekkers can also hike to Kala Patthar, located at an altitude of 5,545 meters (18,192 feet), which offers a panoramic view of Mount Everest and other nearby peaks.
One of the unique features of the Classic Everest Base Camp Trek is the opportunity to explore the UNESCO World Heritage site of Sagarmatha National Park. This park is home to rare wildlife and plants, including the snow leopard and Himalayan tahr. The trek also offers a chance to explore Namche Bazaar, the gateway to the Khumbu region. And a lively market town where trekkers can purchase gear, and souvenirs, and interact with locals.
In conclusion, the Classic Everest Base Camp Trek is a challenging and unique adventure that allows trekkers to experience the stunning landscapes and rich culture of the Khumbu region.
2. Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek:
Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek is an exciting and less crowded route to reach the base camp of the highest mountain in the world. The trek starts in Jiri, a small town located east of Kathmandu, and winds through various villages and towns, providing a unique opportunity for trekkers to experience the rugged terrain and stunning natural beauty of the region.
The route is characterized by several challenging high-altitude passes, including the Lamjura Pass and the Cho La Pass, which offer trekkers a chance to witness the diverse cultures and lifestyles of the people living in the region. The trek provides trekkers with an unforgettable experience of the traditional Sherpa villages, where they can immerse themselves in the unique architecture, culture, and Buddhist traditions of the region.
The journey culminates with a visit to Everest Base Camp, where trekkers can witness the awe-inspiring beauty of the world’s highest mountain. From there, trekkers can hike to Kala Patthar, located at an altitude of 5,545 meters (18,192 feet), which offers a breathtaking panoramic view of Mount Everest and other nearby peaks.
The Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek offers a unique opportunity to explore the less crowded trails of the Khumbu region, providing a chance to experience the warm hospitality of the locals and their way of life. The trek offers a perfect balance of adventure, exploration, and cultural immersion, making it an unforgettable journey of a lifetime.
In conclusion, the Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek is a challenging but rewarding adventure that allows trekkers to experience the stunning natural landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and warm hospitality of the Khumbu region. It’s an experience that combines adventure, exploration, and cultural immersion, making it a unique and unforgettable journey.
3. Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lake
Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lake is a scenic and popular trek that offers a unique experience of the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the Khumbu region. The trek begins in Lukla, the gateway to the Everest region, and follows a winding trail through several Sherpa villages, including Namche Bazaar, Dole, and Machhermo, before reaching the Gokyo Valley.
The Gokyo Valley is home to a cluster of stunning turquoise glacial lakes, situated at an altitude of 4,700 meters (15,420 feet), which are considered sacred by the Sherpa people. Trekkers will have the opportunity to explore these beautiful lakes and witness the surrounding snow-capped peaks, offering a unique and breathtaking view of the region.
After exploring the Gokyo Valley, the trek continues to Everest Base Camp, passing through the famous high-altitude pass of Cho La, which sits at an altitude of 5,420 meters (17,782 feet).
Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lake is not only an adventure of a lifetime but also an opportunity to experience the rich culture and traditions of the Sherpa people. Along the way, trekkers will encounter several monasteries, chortens, and prayer flags, providing insights into the Buddhist traditions of the region. Additionally, trekkers will have the opportunity to interact with the friendly locals and learn about their way of life.
The return journey follows the same route taken to reach the base camp, providing trekkers with an opportunity to revisit the villages and towns that they passed through on the way up. Overall, the Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lakes is a challenging but rewarding adventure that offers a unique perspective on the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the Khumbu region. It’s an experience that combines adventure, exploration, and cultural immersion, making it an unforgettable journey of a lifetime.
4. Three Passes Trek:
Three Passes Trek is a rigorous and thrilling adventure that will take you across three high-altitude mountain passes in the Khumbu region of Nepal. Starting from Lukla, a bustling town that serves as the gateway to the Everest region, the trek leads through picturesque Sherpa villages, such as Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, and Dingboche, before arriving at the first mountain pass, Kongma La.
After Kongma La, the trail takes you to the second pass, Cho La, which stands tall at an altitude of 5,420 meters (17,782 feet). This challenging pass requires some technical skills to traverse, but the spectacular panoramic views of the surrounding mountains, including the mighty Mount Everest, are sure to leave you spellbound.
The journey continues to the third and final mountain pass, Renjo La, which sits at an elevation of 5,360 meters (17,585 feet). While it is less technical than the other two passes, it still demands good physical fitness and acclimatization. From the top of Renjo La, you’ll be rewarded with awe-inspiring views of the Gokyo Valley and its beautiful turquoise lakes.
As you trek along the Three Passes route, you’ll have the opportunity to immerse yourself in the stunning natural beauty of the Khumbu region, explore the Sherpa culture and traditions, and interact with the friendly locals. You’ll come across a plethora of Buddhist monasteries, chortens (stupas), and prayer flags that are integral to the local culture and provide a unique insight into the spiritual beliefs of the Sherpa people.
The return journey follows a different trail, giving you a chance to discover new places and encounter diverse landscapes. Overall, the Three Passes Trek is a challenging and exhilarating adventure that offers a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to witness the natural beauty and cultural richness of the Khumbu region.
Do we need a guide to trek Everest Base Camp?
A guide can provide valuable information about the area and ensure your safety. As they are experienced in navigating the terrain and can help you avoid potential hazards. Additionally, they can make the trek more enjoyable by assisting with logistics and managing your pace. Therefore, although it’s possible to trek without a guide, having one is recommended for safety, convenience, and cultural education purposes.
Which route is best for Everest Base Camp Trek?
When it comes to choosing the best route for the Everest Base Camp trek, there are several factors to consider. The Classic Everest Base Camp Trek and the Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lakes are the two most popular routes, and each offers a unique experience to trekkers.
The Classic Everest Base Camp Trek is the traditional route that has been followed by trekkers for decades. It is a well-trodden path that takes you through picturesque Sherpa villages and offers spectacular views of the surrounding mountains. The route has established infrastructure, including lodges and teahouses, making it a convenient choice for trekkers who prefer well-developed facilities.
The Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lakes, on the other hand, is a newer and less-crowded route that is gaining popularity among trekkers. This route takes you through the scenic Gokyo Valley and its stunning turquoise lakes, as well as across high mountain passes that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding peaks.
Both routes have their own set of attractions and challenges, and the choice between them depends on your personal preferences and goals. If you’re looking for a traditional and well-developed route with a rich history and cultural significance, the Classic Everest Base Camp Trek may be the right choice for you. On the other hand, if you’re seeking a more off-the-beaten-track experience with fewer crowds and a chance to explore the beautiful Gokyo Valley, the Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lakes may be the better option.
Ultimately, it’s important to do your research, consult with experienced trekkers or a reputable tour operator, and choose the route that aligns with your interests, fitness level, and time constraints.
How long is the trek to Everest Base Camp?
The duration of the trek to Everest Base Camp depends on various factors, such as the route chosen, the trekker’s fitness level, and weather conditions. Typically, the Classic Everest Base Camp Trek takes around 12 to 14 days, covering a distance of 130 km. The Everest Base Camp Trek via Gokyo Lakes takes 15 to 18 days, covering 160 km, while the Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek takes 20 to 24 days and covers a distance of 190 km.
The Three Passes Trek takes around 18 to 22 days, covering 170 km. It’s important to allow for extra days to account for unforeseen circumstances. The trek to Everest Base Camp is a memorable and rewarding adventure that offers stunning landscapes, cultural immersion, and personal accomplishment.
Is Everest Base Camp accessible to novices?
While the trek to Everest Base Camp is physically demanding and requires good physical fitness, novices can also undertake this adventure with proper training, preparation, and guidance from experienced guides. However, altitude sickness is a serious concern and can affect anyone, regardless of experience level.
It’s crucial to take necessary precautions and acclimatize properly to reduce the risk of altitude sickness. Choosing a reputable trekking company with experienced guides, proper equipment, and necessary support is highly recommended. With determination, proper preparation, and guidance, novices can also achieve this incredible adventure.
Is it difficult to trek Everest Base Camp?
Trekking to Everest Base Camp is a physically challenging adventure that requires proper preparation and good physical fitness. The trek involves walking long hours each day, crossing suspension bridges, and navigating steep ascents and descents. The high altitude is also a significant challenge, with the trek reaching a maximum altitude of 5,545 meters (18,192 feet) at Kala Patthar.
Altitude sickness is a real concern and can affect anyone, regardless of experience level. It’s crucial to acclimatize properly and take necessary precautions to minimize the risk of altitude sickness. While the trek is demanding, it offers rewarding and unforgettable experiences, such as stunning landscapes, cultural immersion, and personal accomplishment. With proper preparation, determination, and guidance, anyone can undertake this incredible adventure.
Everest Base Camp Trek Map
How cold is Everest Base Camp?
The temperature at Everest Base Camp can fluctuate depending on various factors such as the season and time of day. Typically, the temperature can range from below freezing to around 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit) during the day, while it can drop to as low as minus 20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit) at night.
During winter months, the temperature can drop even further, and it’s not unusual for the temperature to fall below -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees Fahrenheit) at night. Thus, it’s crucial to be well-prepared with appropriate clothing and gear to stay warm in such harsh conditions.
Is a passport required for the Everest Base Camp Trek?
To undertake the Everest Base Camp trek, a valid passport is required to obtain the necessary permits and visas required to enter Nepal. All foreign visitors to Nepal must have a passport. The Nepal Tourism Board mandates that all trekkers have a TIMS (Trekkers Information Management System) card, while the Sagarmatha National Park requires a permit. Both of these permits necessitate a valid passport for identification purposes.
Thus, it’s necessary to carry your passport with you during the trek as it may be required at various checkpoints. It’s also a good idea to have a copy of your passport and other essential documents in case of loss or theft.
What are the risks of trekking to Everest Base Camp?
Trekking to Everest Base Camp carries various risks, with altitude sickness being one of the most significant concerns. Additionally, there are possibilities of falling, hypothermia, frostbite, dehydration, and exhaustion. As the trek requires a certain level of physical fitness, gradual acclimatization to the high altitude is necessary. Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), a condition that can occur irrespective of a trekker’s fitness level, can result in severe complications like high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), which necessitate immediate medical attention and could be fatal if not treated on time.
Furthermore, the weather in the Everest region is unpredictable, and trekkers must be prepared for extreme weather conditions, such as snowstorms, heavy rainfall, and strong winds, which can make trekking challenging and perilous. The trails can be narrow and steep, with significant drops, thereby increasing the risk of falls.
Moreover, the trek goes through remote areas with limited medical facilities, and therefore it is important to carry appropriate gear, medication, and a first-aid kit. It is recommended to trek with an experienced guide and adhere to all safety guidelines and suggestions to minimize the risks associated with trekking.
Who was the youngest person to scale Everest?
The individual who holds the record for being the youngest person to climb Mount Everest is Jordan Romero, who is from the United States. At the time of his ascent on May 22, 2010, Romero was just 13 years old. He accomplished this feat alongside his father and stepmother, as part of a larger goal to climb the highest peaks on all seven continents. Although some people were impressed by his achievement, others raised concerns about the safety of such a young person attempting such a dangerous climb.
Which route to Everest Base Camp is the simplest?
The Southern route is the most straightforward way to reach Everest Base Camp. And it begins from the Nepalese side of the mountain. Trekking along this route is popular and considered easy. The journey starts from Lukla and follows the Dudh Kosi valley through several Sherpa villages. Until it reaches Namche Bazaar, which is the gateway to the Khumbu region.
From there, the route passes through Tengboche, Dingboche, and Gorak Shep before finally reaching Everest Base Camp. Despite being relatively easier than other routes, it is still a challenging trek at a high altitude that requires proper preparation and acclimatization.
Highlights of the Everest Base Camp trip.
The joy is in the journey, as you climb higher to view the world from its highest point. During the Everest Base Camp Trek itself, from various lookout points along the routes, some of the best views of the famous Everest are arguably possible. Along the way, there are a number of intriguing trip attractions, including mystical monasteries, Sherpa villages, and these stunning views. The trek’s best moments for me were:
- Spectacular views of the world’s highest mountains, such as Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, and Ama Dablam.
- Exposure to the unique Sherpa culture and way of life, including visits to villages and monasteries.
- Trekking through the UNESCO World Heritage site of Sagarmatha National Park, which is home to rare wildlife and plants.
- Exploration of the lively market town of Namche Bazaar, which serves as the gateway to the Khumbu region.
- Visiting the ancient Tengboche Monastery, which offers incredible views of the surrounding peaks.
- Witnessing the Khumbu Glacier, the largest glacier in the region, with its stunning ice formations and crevasses.
- Reaching the Kala Patthar viewpoint at an altitude of 5,545 meters, which provides breathtaking views of Mount Everest and nearby mountains.
- Experiencing the warm hospitality and welcoming nature of the Sherpa people during stays in local teahouses.
- Accomplishing the challenging trek to Everest Base Camp provides a sense of pride and achievement.
- Engaging in a once-in-a-lifetime adventure that will test you physically and mentally, but leave you with memories to cherish for a lifetime.
1: Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla (2800 m) and trek to Phakding (2610 m ),
2: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3440 m),
3: Acclimatisation day at Namche Bazaar
4: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tyangboche (3860)
5: Trek from Tyangboche to Dingboche (4360meters)
6: Acclimatisaiton day at Dingboche
7: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4950 m )
8: Trek from Lobuche to Gorakhshep (5160meters) and hike to Everest Base Camp (5400meters)
9: Hike to Kalapatthar (5545meters) then trek to Pangboche (3985)
10: Trek back from Pangboche to Namche Bazaar
11: Trek back from Namche bazaar to Lukla
12: Fly Back to Kathmandu from Lukla
A typical itinerary for an Everest Base Camp Trek
The temple-topped, bazaar-busting city of Kathmandu is probably where you will enter Nepal. The best way to start your trip is to spend some time exploring this amazing city. After that, it’s time to start your Everest Base Camp hike by heading northeast. The majority of travelers do that by taking a flight to Lukla and then walking from there. However, if you have the time, you can also trek all the way. However, the airport in Lukla is where most Everest Base Camp Trek itineraries officially begin.
Day 1: Arrive in Kathmandu
Prepare to go on one of the most incredible journeys our planet has to offer. When you get to Kathmandu, you can take in the city’s energy, scenery, and history.
Day 2:Explore City Kathmandu
Today will be spent immersed in other cultures. Explore three UNESCO World Heritage Sites as a starting point. The first is Boudhanath, which is one of Nepal’s largest stupas. Pashupatinath, a revered Hindu temple on the banks of the Bagmati River, comes next. Durbar Square, which is in front of the old royal palace, will be your final stop. One of the most traditional walks through Kathmandu’s old, winding streets is a great way to end the day. Before returning to the hotel, take in the bustling atmosphere of the local markets and shops in the city center.
Day 3: Kathmandu to Phakding (8,562 feet, or 2,610 meters):
After a brief flight to Lukla, this pleasant hike takes you through thick pine forests and steep gorges that swinging suspension bridges cross. This section of the trail is absolutely bustling, with numerous new hikers to chat with. Additionally, it is the lushest section of the trail, featuring wildflowers and roaring riverways that are more Himalayan than Alpine.
Day 4: Phakding to Namche Bazaar (11,286 feet, or 3,440 meters):
Today, you will ascend to the EBC’s principal hub: Bazaar Namche. If you’ve forgotten any essentials for your trip, this is a good place to stock up. Take in the stunning views of Mount Khumbu Yül-Lha (Khumbila), also known as the “God of Khumbu” peak to the north, as well as the bustling town with hiker cafes and lodges.
Day 5: Namche Bazaar (11,286 feet, or 3,440 meters):
This is your first official day of acclimatization. Hiking high during the day and sleeping at lower altitudes at night is the best way to prepare for the altitude. That’s why you should take the Khunde and Khumjung Loop, which takes you to mysterious Buddhist stupas in long-lost Sherpa villages.
Day 6: Namche Marketplace to Tengboche (12,664 ft/3,860 m)
Your initial steps on the Everest Headquarters Journey legitimately start with a precarious slope that removes you nearly from the treeline. The path levels off before emerging into a lunar-like world of enormous brown rocks where the Himalayas get closer and closer. Where are we going? The area where you will spend the evening is the rhododendron forest.
Day 7: From Tengboche to Dingboche (14,470 feet, or 4,410 meters),
Tengboche to Dingboche expect exposed trekking with the exception of a few sections through pine forests at high altitudes. Later in the day, the path squirms across the sides of Ama Dablam pinnacle and you’ll get to see the value in the Everest massif in the entirety of its magnificence approaching above.
Day 8: Dingboche (14,470 ft / 4,410 m)
At this point in the journey, a second day of acclimatization is required. Take some time to see Chukhung, a place that has traditionally been used to raise yak, which is at a height of 15,518 feet (or 4,730 meters). The lodges that are perched atop the peaks make this the ideal location for unwinding, taking in the surrounding scenery, and observing local life.
Day 9:Dingboche to Lobuche (16,210 ft / 4,941 m)
You are now on the final push toward Everest Base Camp from Dingboche to Lobuche (16,210 ft / 4,941 m). You are now in the Himalayas. Trees are a distant memory in this place that is famous for tough rocks and the flowing tongues of glacial masses. The day includes stunning views of the advancing Everest massif, particularly Nuptse’s closer face.
Day 10: From Lobuche to Everest Base Camp (17,598 ft / 5,364 m)
The final section of the trail winds through rocky highland terrain before reaching the Gorak Shep village, where a small trekking lodge stands guard over the Khumbu Icefall. There might be a brief rest there, but it won’t last very long because EBC is only 1.5 hours up the valley!
Day 11: Everest Base Camp to Pheriche (14,340 ft / 4,371 m)
Today, hike back to Pheriche, starting with Kala Patthar. You’ll be able to take in the panoramic views with a less strenuous trek as oxygen levels begin to rise and the majority of this section is downhill.
Day 12: Pheriche to Debouche (12,533 ft/3,820 m)
You’ll work back through Deboche, passing the Old Convent. Returning to the Tengboche Monastery, follow the river in the direction of Debouche, a campsite close by.
Day 13: Debouche to Namche Bazaar (11,286 ft / 3,440 m):
Today, you’ll double back on your way to Namche Bazaar, a Sherpa village that is the center of activity and culture in the area. There are a lot of porters like Norgay here who help climbers and are more knowledgeable than anyone about the terrain. Notice the neighborhood mountain life, as you forge ahead with tomorrow toward Phakding.
Day 14: Namche Bazaar to Phakding (8,562 ft / 2,610 m):
As you descend toward Phakding, take in the majestic Himalayan peaks while taking in the local agriculture and yak pastures. You’ll spend the night next to the Dudh Kosi River, where you can take in the crystal-clear sounds and sights.
Day 15: Phakding to Lukla:
You’ll follow our route to Lukla from Phakding. Enjoy the final days of your trip in Nepal while taking in breathtaking natural views and making new memories. In Lukla, where you’ll stop for lunch, you’ll have plenty of time to take in the clear landscape.
Day 16: Lukla to Kathmandu:
Once you’ve rested and refueled in your hotel, you’ll have plenty of time to explore Kathmandu upon your return. With its many winding streets lined with souvenir shops, bars, restaurants, and more, the Thamel district is a great place to wander. The final day of your trip to Kathmandu offers plenty to see and do. As the end of our trip draws near, make the most of the city’s offerings.
Day 17: Last Day at Kathmandu
Your final day as an adventurous traveler exploring Nepal is today. You might have time to go to Lazimpat to see live music or to Patan, which used to be called Lalitpur or the “City of Beauty.” You can add a 350-year-old Newari home that has been restored and is open to the public to your trip by making a stop at Newa Chen. Before reluctantly returning home from this exhilarating adventure trip, make sure you see as much of Kathmandu as you can!
Day 18: Departure from Kathmandu.
You will return home from Kathmandu after having the historic steps taken by Hillary and Norgay. You are now officially one of the fortunate few who have seen Everest up close!
Other routes for the EBC Trek The main up-and-back EBC Trek, which is described above, is by far the most popular way to reach the fabled camp on Mount Everest’s slopes. However, there are other options as well. Take the trek through three passes. It is a loop that goes around Everest itself and includes three of the highest passes that can be crossed: Kongma La (18,175 feet), Cho La (17,782 feet), and Renjo La (17,585 feet).
This is much harder than the traditional Everest Base Camp Trek, which is usually only for hikers who have experienced hiking at high altitudes. Why is this? You walk for several days at elevations greater than 16,400 feet. Additionally, there is a greater likelihood that you will have to contend with snowpacks, particularly late in the trekking season (April and November). The reward is the opportunity to explore every corner of the Khumbu Region, taking in views of the sparkling Gokyo Lakes and isolated Sherpa hill villages on the way.
In conclusion, there are several routes to reach Everest Base Camp, but the two most popular ones are the South Col and North Col routes. The South Col route is simpler, and the North Col route is less traveled due to restrictions. Other routes exist, but climbers should carefully consider their abilities and preferences.