Climbing Nepal’s Peaks

Climbing Nepal's Peaks

In 1950, a French expedition climbed the world’s first mountain higher than 8000 meters. It was Annapurna I, and despite numerous attempts to climb the world’s highest mountain, Mt. Everest, no expedition had ever been successful up until that point. Asia is home to all fourteen of these mountains, which are collectively referred to as the eight-thousanders. Eight of the fourteen are primarily from Nepal. Mt. Everest (8,848 meters), Kanchenjunga (8,586 meters), Lhotse (8516 meters), Makalu (8,463 meters), Cho Oyu (8201 meters), Dhaulagiri (8167 meters), Manaslu (8,163 meters), and Annapurna I (8,091 meters) are among them. The Himalayas, which means “abode of the snows” and “alaya,” “dwelling place,” include these lofty peaks. and serve as a natural barrier that separates Nepal from Tibet/China in the north and Nepal from India in the east. The highest mountain outside of Asia is Aconcagua, which is 6,959 meters high and is in Peru, South America. Europe’s highest mountain, Mt. Elbrus, is much smaller and only 5,643 meters high.

Mt.Everest (8,848m, Sagarmatha in Nepali): The highest mountain in the world.

Climbers from all over the world have flocked to the mountain ever since it was discovered in 1852 by a Geological Survey of India employee as the world’s highest peak. When the historic discovery was made, it was just called Peak XV. Later, the Surveyor General at the time, Andrew Waugh, gave it the name “Everest” to honor his predecessor, George Everest. The mountain was referred to as Chhomolungma by the Tibetans and Sherpas who lived nearby, and the Nepalese government later gave it the name “Sagarmatha.” The early climbers like the renowned couple, George Mallory and Andrew Irvine endeavored to move from the Tibetan side which lies on the northern side of Everest.

Kanchenjunga (8,586m): The third-highest mountain in the world.

Some time ago Mt. Kanchenjunga was viewed as the most noteworthy mountain on the planet. This was before the frightening disclosure made by the Main PC (today they are supplanted by machines) who called attention to that Pinnacle XV was as a matter of fact higher than Pinnacle IX, Kanchenjunga. Later it became evident that Pinnacle IX was unquestionably the third most noteworthy mountain after Everest and K2 (Karakoram, Pakistan). It is 128 kilometers to Everest’s east. The western side is in Nepal, and the eastern side is in the Indian state of Sikkim. Because the mountain has five prominent peaks, the Sikkimese name Kanchenjunga, or Kangchenzonga, means “Five Treasures of the Great Snows.” Kanchenjunga Main (8,586 meters), Yalung Kang (8,505 meters), Kanchenjunga West (8,420 meters), and the Twin Peaks (8,476 meters) are these peaks. Dissimilar to the majority of the other Himalayan pinnacles, this mountain lies north to south and the Kanchenjunga.

Lhotse (8,516m): the fourth highest mountain in the world.

The South Col connects Mt. Lhotse, the world’s fourth-highest mountain, to Everest. The principal highest point is 8,516 m while Lhotse Center (East) is 8,414 meters and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 meters. Climbers attempting Everest frequently ascend Lhotse to acclimatize. As a matter of fact, the typical course prompting Everest fires up the northwest substance of Lhotse and afterward slices across to the more well-known mountain. An early endeavor at Lhotse was made by the 1955 Global Himalayan Campaign. It included two Austrians, Erwin Schneider and Ernst Senn, as well as two Swiss climbers, Bruno Spirig and Arthur Spöhel, and was led by Norman Dyhrenfurth. It was likewise the principal undertaking in the Everest region to incorporate Americans: George Bell, Richard McGowan, and Fred Beckey.

Makalu (8,463m): The fifth-highest mountain in the world.

Mt. The fifth-highest mountain in the world is Makalu, which can be found 20 kilometers east of Everest in the Khumbu region. The mountain, which is in the Makalu Barun National Park, is famous for having four sharp ridges and the perfect shape of a pyramid. Tibet lies to the north of the mountain, with two notable subsidiary peaks. The 7,678-meter Kangchungtse, or Makalu II, is located northwest of the main summit. The other is Chomo Lonzo which lies only north of the primary pinnacle. In the spring of 1954, an American team led by William Siri made their first attempt at Makalu. They tried to reach the southeast ridge, but a constant barrage of storms forced them to turn back at 7,100 meters. A French reconnaissance team made the first ascent of the subsidiary summit in the fall of 1954.

Cho Oyu (8201m): The sixth-highest mountain in the world.

The successful expedition to Cho Oyu, in contrast to other endeavors, had very basic beginnings. Austrian climber, Herbert Tichy alongside sherpas Adjiba and Pasang were assembled around an open-air fire on a mountain and getting a charge out of the broiled liver, when Pasang unexpectedly inquired, “One year from now, Cho Oyu?” Tichy was all able to do was nod and say, “Cho Oyu.” As a result, it was decided to attempt the mountain in 1954. Everest, Nanga Parbat, and Annapurna were among the other eight-thousanders in previous years. had been taken up. Cho Oyu is on the border between China and Nepal, 20 kilometers west of Everest. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. An expedition supported by the Joint Himalayan Committee of Great Britain made the initial attempt on this mountain.

Dhaulagiri (8,167m): The seventh-highest mountain in the world.

Climbing the Dhaulagiri massif, which is northwest of Pokhara, was initially thought to be impossible. It looked considerable and the French undertaking that came to Nepal in 1950 and effectively climbed Annapurna I, didn’t actually think about this pinnacle. Mt. Dhaulagiri was first seen by a European in 1809 by Captain William Webb. At the point when he adjusted the level of the mountain, he was stunned. Before that, the Andes in South America were thought to be the highest mountain chain in the world. The insight about this new disclosure left the remainder of the world wary. Dhaulagiri was thought to be the world’s highest mountain for a long time before the discovery.

Manaslu (8,163m): The eighth-highest mountain in the world.

Mt. Manaslu lies on the boundary between the Gorkha and Manang areas in northern Nepal and 64 km east of Annapurna. The subtropical Himalayan foothills to the arid Trans-Himalayan high pastures bordering Tibet are all part of the Manaslu region. Manaslu is gotten from the Sanskrit word Manasa and deciphers as “Heap of the Soul”. Twelve of the fourteen eight-thousands were conquered by Western expeditions, and only two were captured by Asians. The Chinese first climbed Shisha Pangma, an eight-thousander in China, while a Japanese expedition first climbed Manaslu.

Annapurna I (8091m): the world’s tenth-highest mountain.

Mt. Annapurna I, the highest peak in the Annapurna range, is the tenth-highest summit in the world. The range spans 55 kilometers. It is east of the Kali Gandaki River, which cuts a huge gorge through the Himalayas and separates it from the Dhaulagiri mountain range. Dhaulagiri I is 34 kilometers to the west of Annapurna I. Annapurna means “full of grains” in Sanskrit, but most people think of her as the “Goddess of Harvests.” The Hindu Goddess of fruitfulness is otherwise called Annapurna. The Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) encompasses the entire mountain range. This group of mountains includes three other peaks that share its name, with Mt. Annapurna I serving as the main peak. Annapurna II (7.937 meters), Annapurna III (7,555 meters), and Annapurna South (7,219 meters) are these. The Annapurna I, in contrast to other giants, barely stands out because other peaks in front of it obscure most of it.

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Kapil Banjara

Kapil is been working for 7 years in the tourism industry as a professional tour guide. He is a resource person of Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism under Tribhuvan University for 8 years.
Kapil has also published a tourism-related book titled “Nepalese society and politics with culture and tourism” from Buddha Publication. He has been completed his master’s degree in different social subjects such as Population Studies, Political Science, Educational Planning and Management, and sociology.

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